The obese horse

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Side effects of being an obese horse

Created by buzzybea1 over 5 years ago
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The obese horse
1 Change the diet
1.1 Remove all concentrates
1.2 Reduce the roughage
1.2.1 The horse needs 2% of its weight in concentrates
1.3 Soak hay for 12 hours
1.4 Vitamin supliment
2 Equine metabolic disease
2.1 Pre disposing factors
2.1.1 Fat release of bad toxins Leptin Resistin Cortisol Free fatty acids Cytokines Damage the horse lamella TNF-alpha IL-1 IL-6 11 beta dehydrogenase Promotes cortisol Decreases sensitivity to insulin Crest size directly correlates with mental fat
2.1.2 Native breed There is some heritability
2.2 Issues
2.2.1 Insulin and glucose tollerence
2.2.2 Hypercoagulable predisposing to laminitis
2.2.3 Vascular compramise Predisposing to laminitis
2.3 Diagnosis
2.3.1 Insulin-glucose tolerance testing


  • A base line glucose blood sample is taken after 12 hours of fasting then samples are at 1, 5 and 10 minuets followed but samples ever 10 minuets up to an hour then every 30 minuets up to 2.5 hours
2.4 Treatment
2.4.1 Thyroxine increases the basal metabolism
2.4.2 Laminitis treatment


  • -NSAIDs -Pain killers -farriery -light exercise once better
2.4.3 Weight loss
2.4.4 anti hyperglycemic agents Metformin Acts on liver Actions short lived
3 Endocrine problems
3.1 PPID
3.1.1 Diagnosis options Gold standard ACTH assay
3.2 Hypothyroidism
3.2.1 Extremely rare
4 Joint and hoof issues
4.1 Laminitis
5 Hyper lipemia/lipidaemia
5.1 Hyper lipemia- plasma triglycerides >5mmol/l
5.2 Hyper lipidaemia is an increase in blood fats
5.3 Risk factors
5.3.1 Fat
5.3.2 Genetics Breed
5.3.3 lactating
5.3.4 Pregnancy
5.3.5 Inactivity
5.3.6 Underlying disease
5.3.7 Stress
5.4 Diagnosis


  • If the pony is ill and fat test, if it is peripartuant on top of that test ASAP!!
5.4.1 Blood sample White plasma triglycerides >5mmol/l increased liver enzymes azotaemia electrolyte issues Hypoglycemia
5.5 Treatment
5.5.1 Treat the underlying cause
5.5.2 Nutritional support reverse negative energy balance Enteral feeding Pre brought or home made highly palatable feed.
5.5.3 Fluids
5.5.4 Correct electrolyte abnormalities
5.5.5 Diuresis if metabolic acidosis
5.5.6 Exogenous insulin and heperin decreases lipolysis
5.6 Prevention
5.6.1 decrease BCS
5.6.2 correct energy balance
5.6.3 miinimise stress
6 Infertility

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