Couples

Becky Saunders
Mind Map by Becky Saunders, updated 11 months ago
Becky Saunders
Created by Becky Saunders almost 7 years ago
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Sociology Mind Map on Couples, created by Becky Saunders on 04/23/2013.
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Couples
1 The Domestic Division of Labour
1.1 Parons: Husband has an Instrumental role geared towards achieving success, the wife has an Expressive role geared towards Primary Socialisation
1.2 Bott: Segregated Conjugal roles: Couple share tasks
1.3 Young and Willmott: Symmetrical family roles of husbands and wives
1.3.1 Women now go out to work part time / full time | Men now help with the childcare and housework | Couples share leisure time together
1.4 Changes in women's position including married women go out to work
1.5 Geographical Mobility: More couples living away from the communities in which they grew up
1.6 New Technology & labour saving devices. | Higher standards of living
2 Feminist View of housework
2.1 Reject the March of Progress View. Little has changed: Men and Woman remain unequal.
2.1.1 Women do most of the housework
2.1.1.1 This unequality stems from the the fact that family and society are male dominated
2.2 Oakley (1974) criticises Y&W's view that the family is now symmetrical
2.2.1 She argues that their claims are exaggerated and doesnt see their study as convincing evidence
2.3 Boulton found that 20% of husbands had a major role in childcare.
2.3.1 Argues that Young and Willmott exaggerate mens contribution by looking at tasks involved in childcare instead of responsibilities
2.4 Warde & Hetherington shows that sex- typing of domestic tasks remains strong
2.4.1 Younger men no longer assume women should do the housework and were more likely to think they were doing their fair share of housework
2.5 Oakley The rise of the housewife role
2.5.1 Industrialisation and the rise of factory production in the 19th century led to the seperation of paid work from the home
2.5.1.1 Women had intially been part of the labour force, they were gradually excluded from the workplace to the home becoming the homemaker
2.5.1.1.1 This enforced women's subordination and economic dependence on men. The housewife role was socially constructed.
2.5.1.1.1.1 Rather than being women's "natural role" as parsons claims
2.5.1.1.1.2 Oakley's view, eve though the 20th century saw an increase in the number of working married women, the housewife role is still the womans primary role
3 The impact of paid work
3.1 Man - Yee Kan found income from employment age and education affected how much housework women did
3.1.1 Gershuny found that wives who worked full time did less domestic work | wives who didnt work did 83% of the housework.
3.1.1.1 Wives who worked part time did 82% of the housework where as wives who worked full time did 73% of the housework
3.1.1.1.1 the longer wives had been in paid work the more housework the husband did
3.1.1.1.1.1 Couples who's parents had a more equal relationship were more likely to share housework between themselves
3.1.1.1.1.1.1 Social values are adapting to the fact that women are now working full time More men are doing housework as well as take responsibility for other task
3.2 Sullivan analysis of nationally representative data collected in 1975, 1987, 1997 found a trend towards greater equality
3.2.1 As men did more domestic labour
3.2.1.1 There was an increase in the numbers of couples with an equal division of labour and men were participating more in traditional, women's tasks
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