Chemistry- Crude oil and Alkanes/Alkenes

tylermaedanks
Mind Map by tylermaedanks, updated more than 1 year ago
tylermaedanks
Created by tylermaedanks over 4 years ago
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- Chemistry Mind Map on Chemistry- Crude oil and Alkanes/Alkenes, created by tylermaedanks on 05/15/2016.

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Chemistry- Crude oil and Alkanes/Alkenes
1 What is Crude Oil?
1.1 Hydrocarbon=contains carbon and hydrogen atoms
2 Alkanes and alkenes
2.1 Alkanes= useful as fuels, have single bonds
2.2 Alkenes= used to make chemicals such as plastic, have double bonds
3 Fractional Distillation
3.1 1) heat up the crude oil mixture
3.1.1 2) mixture boils and each fraction will boil at a certain temperature depending on its hydrocarbon length
3.1.1.1 3) gas passes through the condenser and cools down (gas turns to liquid)
4 How do we meet demand?
4.1 Cracking
4.1.1 Cracking is breaking down long, less in demand fractions such as decane using thermal decompostion into shorter, more useful chains and ethane gas like octane
5 Thermal Decompostion
5.1 This means 'to break down using heat'
5.2 Monomer=a molecule that can be bonded together with other identical molecules to form a polymer
5.3 Polymerisation= a process that combines monomers to form a polymer
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