Leadership styles

Joanne Spain
Mind Map by Joanne Spain, updated more than 1 year ago
Joanne Spain
Created by Joanne Spain about 5 years ago


AS - Level Business Studies (Human resources) Mind Map on Leadership styles, created by Joanne Spain on 17/05/2016.

Resource summary

Leadership styles
  1. Authoritarian
    1. Autocratic leaders hold onto as much power and decision-making as possible
      1. Focus of power is with the manager
        1. Communication is top-down and one way
          1. Formal systems of command and control
            1. Minimal consultation
              1. Use of rewards and penalties
                1. Very little delegation
                  1. McGregor Theory X approach
                    1. Most likely to be used when subordinates are unskilled not trusted and their ideas are not valued
                    2. Paternalistic
                      1. Leader decides what is best for for employees
                        1. Links with addressing employee needs
                          1. Akin to a parent/child relationship- where the leader is seen as a father figure
                            1. Still little delegation
                              1. A softer form of authoritarian leadership, which often results in better employee motivation and lower staff turnover
                                1. Typical paternalistic leader explains the specific reason as to why he has taken certain actions
                                2. Democratic
                                  1. Focus of power is more with the group as a whole
                                    1. Leadership functions are shared within the group
                                      1. Employees have greater involvement in decision-making but potentially this slows down decision-making
                                        1. Emphasis on delegation and consultation
                                        2. Laissez-faire
                                          1. Laissez- faire means to leave alone
                                            1. Leader has little input into the day-to-day decision making
                                              1. Conscious decision to delegate power
                                                1. Managers/employees have freedom to do what they think best
                                                  1. Often criticised for resulting in poor role definition for managers
                                                    1. Effective when staff are ready to take on responsibility, they are motivated, and can be trusted to do their jobs
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