18.104.22.168.2.1 Killed without consultation no other reason
then they are disabled, sick or elderly
22.214.171.124.3 Non - Voluntary
126.96.36.199.3.1 Consults relatives, discuss if death is in
the sick persons best interest
188.8.131.52 Deliberately taking your own life
184.108.40.206.1 It is wrong - you don't have the
right to destroy life
220.127.116.11.2 73CE 1000 Jews commited suicide in Masada
to prevent themselves from becoming slaves
18.104.22.168.3 I am giving you the choice between
life and death, between Gods blessing
and G-D's cross - Deuteronomy
22.214.171.124 Not 'Suicide' if you have a
mental health problem, don't
126.96.36.199 If a person commits suicide their burial rights are
different. They cannot be buried near family and have
to be 6 feet away from another jewish grave.
188.8.131.52.1 However is someone is Anuss - not held
responsible for there action they are buried
184.108.40.206 Explain Jewish attitudes towards suicide.
220.127.116.11.1 All Jews believe suicide is wrong.
Only G-d decides who dies and
when ' individuals do not have the
right to destroy life' also
Deuteronomy from the Torah
18.104.22.168.2 In the Talmud it states that suicide
is wrong. Someone who commits,
their burial rights are different.
1.2 Animals in Research
1.2.1 Can involve - Cosmetic testing,
drug effects and smoking and
practicing medical procedures
1.2.2 Ethical Issue? - Yes because humans are possibly saying that they are
above animals, that animals have little rights. Also how they are treated,
1.2.3 Judaism does allow animal research because they don't believe
animals to be equal to humans.
22.214.171.124 But when animals are needed their
suffering must be kept to a minimum. No
126.96.36.199.1 Hole - They must think they have some rights otherwise they would allow numerous test?
188.8.131.52 But when used for testing makeup or
to please humans it is wrong. Many
jews believe that students testing on
animals is wrong because most testing
can be done on computers.
184.108.40.206 G-ds teachings require you to
refrain from inflicting
unnecessary harm to animals
and to help lessen pain when
they are suffering.
220.127.116.11 Judaism teaches that animals are a
important part of creation people do
have a responsibility to care for
animals. However human life is more
18.104.22.168.1 Animals should also rest on the Sabbath.
22.214.171.124 Some people believe that animals
should have rights because they
show emotions and express
1.2.5 You shall not muzzle an ox while it is threshing. Deuteronomy 25:4 [Torah] A righteous
man knows the needs of his beast. Proverbs 12:10a [Tenakh] It is forbidden to cause
pain to any animal. Maimonides
1.3.1 Life is a gift from God
126.96.36.199 It is sacred
188.8.131.52 Embryo has life - Abortion is Murder
184.108.40.206 If mothers life in danger -
Jews will then allow
220.127.116.11.1 Both Orthodox and Reformed Jews agreed that if
mothers life is in danger abortion should take place.
18.104.22.168 Allow Abortion; Mother under 16, The pregnancy is by
rape or incest or if the baby will be born with severe mental
or physical handicap.
22.214.171.124 Some Rabbis still don't allow abortion if rape or
when the foetus is abnormal, even if the law of the
land allows it.
1.3.4 A Jewish women may consult her
Rabbi before she is going to have an
abortion, too check if she is allowed to
go ahead with it. She would consult
him because abortion relies on Rabbi
teachings and interpretation of beliefs.
126.96.36.199 Part D Question
188.8.131.52.1 Any Jew may be against fertility treatment, just like any other person, because of there opinion, however
they may also be against it due to poor experience. Jewish teaching teach that the seed should to be
wasted so obtaining the seed outside the body may be to some Jews as wasting the seed for its
intended purpose and that fetilization is taking place outside of the body. Also Jews express the fact that
no 3rd party donor should be used because then the child is not seen as the son/daughter of the
women. Then there is no problem with parentage. Then there is the problem with IVF of is it taking the
decision away from G-D. Some Jews do reject the idea of IVF because of the validity of fertilisation and
the problem with the seed. Also there is a problem with surrogacy, who is the childs mother, if they do or
don't have a Jewish mother who is required to bring them up.
1.4.1 Not yet been developed for humans but
may, in the future be a mitzvah for infertile
2 RELIGION AND RELATIONSHIPS
2.1.1 Not seen as a good thing
2.1.2 If a couple is experiencing difficulties try to resolve them first
184.108.40.206 Sometimes not possible so requires man to divorce his wife
2.1.3 Only in case of adultery, divorce must take place
2.1.4 Divorce paper is the 'GET'
220.127.116.11 Man gives to Women
18.104.22.168 Apply to Bet Din for a date
22.214.171.124.1 Bet Din is Jewish Court
126.96.36.199 Husband authorises scribe to write Get
188.8.131.52 Witness signs it to
184.108.40.206 Rabbi present - husband passes Get to wife in two hands - This be your get.
220.127.116.11 Wife then holds up get to show possession then gives back to rabbi
18.104.22.168 4 corners torn off to show it has been used. (Kept by Bet Din) Then given release form.
22.214.171.124 Talmud - When one divorces his first wife even the alter sheds a tear
126.96.36.199 Must wait 92 days
2.1.5 Agunot - Chained Women (husband refuses, disappears or incapable of doing so due to illness.
2.1.6 Mamzerim - Offspring of forbidden man. Children born of a re-marry if the divorce is only civil and not a get.
2.1.7 When one divorces his first wife, even the Altar sheds tears.
2.2 Kosher Sex
2.2.1 Outside marriage is bad
2.2.2 Sex is not only to have kids but to bond
2.2.3 She has the right, it is his duty
2.2.4 Ultimate Bonding
2.2.5 God Worthy
188.8.131.52 Is a ritual cleansing pool. Mainly 4 women
after a period, it is important to cleans the
body of impurities
184.108.40.206.1 Niddah - Womens period of ritual purity
220.127.116.11 Do not come near a woman during her
period of uncleanness to uncover her
nakedness. Leviticus 18:19 [Torah]
18.104.22.168 Reformed and Liberal Jews allow contraception
in many curcumstances
22.214.171.124.1 But Orthodox only 3 cases
126.96.36.199.1.1 If pregnancy may harm women
188.8.131.52.1.2 To limit family number
184.108.40.206.1.3 To space children out
220.127.116.11 Not devices that harm or stop sperm from reaching the right area
18.104.22.168.1 So the pill is allowed
22.214.171.124.2 In the Talmud it permits women to drink potions
126.96.36.199 Be fertile and increase, fill the earth. Genesis 1:28 [Torah]
2.3.1 Called Kiddushin
188.8.131.52 Spiritual binding together
184.108.40.206 Intended by God and is natural state people should live in.
220.127.116.11 Show commitment - lifelong
18.104.22.168 Sexual desires - one person
22.214.171.124 Secure to have children
126.96.36.199 Closer to G-D
188.8.131.52 Contract - Ketubah
184.108.40.206.1 Husbands obligations to wife
220.127.116.11.2 2 Witness
18.104.22.168.1 Symbol of the new home
22.214.171.124 Breaking of the glass
126.96.36.199.1 Symbolises sorrow of the Jewish people over destruction of the temple
188.8.131.52.2 Even though they are happy there would be more joy if could furfil temple commandments
2.3.4 A man without a woman is doomed to
an existence without joy, without
blessing, without experiencing life’s
true goodness, without Torah, without
protection and without peace. Talmud
2.4.1 Do not lie with a man, as one lies with a woman; that is
detestable. Leviticus 18:22
3 GOOD AND EVIL
3.1 There is the Devil or Satan which is seen as evil.
3.1.1 Storys of him in the Apocrypha
3.2 Also Natural and Moral Evil
3.2.1 Moral Evil - Deeds or behaviour of people which are seen to cruel and uncaring.
3.2.2 Natural Evil - Natural Events such as volcanos,earthquakes etc not caused by humans.
3.3 Why is there Evil?
3.3.1 God does not Exist
3.3.2 God is not all-powerful
3.3.3 God is intact responsible for everything so is responsible for evil and
suffering as well as good.
3.4 Explain Christian teachings about God and the Devil.
3.4.1 Community - Omnipotent, omniscient etc. He is full of good. Superior to the devil.
3.4.2 Personal - Devil tries to tempt people away from God. But God tries to keep you with him.
3.4.3 Spirit - Follow God resist the temptation
from God. Example Jesus in the Desert
3.4.4 Moral - Modern Temptation
3.5.1 He was a rich man - 7 sons 3 daughters. 7000 sheep, 3000 camels etc.
3.5.2 He Loved God
3.5.3 God made a deal with the devil.
3.5.4 The Devil ruined Jobs life.
3.5.5 He remained loving God though
3.5.6 God doubled everything Job had as a thankyou
3.6 Different Views
184.108.40.206 Suggest that live without God - you can choose to make your life good or bad.
3.6.2 St Augustine - Evil is an absence of good.
220.127.116.11 Evil is a consequence of the fall - Adam and Eve
18.104.22.168 Only suffer if we stray from Gods path
22.214.171.124 Traces Evil back to free will - but differs fro Augustine - God made humans imperfectly
3.7 Coping with Suffering
3.7.1 Prayer, Jesus and Church
4 END OF LIFE
4.1 LIFE AFTER DEATH?
126.96.36.199 There are nine circles in HELL. PLus the Woods and the Vestibul.
188.8.131.52.1 Circle 1 - Limbo
184.108.40.206.2 Circle 2 - The Lustful
220.127.116.11.3 Circle 3 - The Gluttonous
18.104.22.168.4 Circle 4 - Hoards and Wasters
22.214.171.124.5 Circle 5 - The Wrathful
126.96.36.199.6 Circle 6 - City of Dis
188.8.131.52.7 Circle 7 - The Violent
184.108.40.206.8 Circle 8 - The Fraudulent
220.127.116.11.9 Circle 9 - The Treacherous
18.104.22.168 The Roman catholic church teaches that very few people are ready
for heaven. Even if they have lived free from sin. They go to purgatory
rather than heaven. They will eventually go to heaven after being freed
from their sin.
22.214.171.124 You don't have to encounter Christianity to go to heaven.
126.96.36.199 Bright + Light
188.8.131.52 Gems and precious stones
184.108.40.206 A man on the Throne.
220.127.116.11 People may see the 'beatific Vision'
4.1.4 God as a Judge
18.104.22.168 Fair, Honest, Unpredest
22.214.171.124 Goats and the Sheep
126.96.36.199.1 Goats - People who aren't helpful
188.8.131.52.2 Sheep - People who are good, caring and kind.
184.108.40.206 When you die you are judged by God, if you had a good life or
a bad. Then you are sent to heaven, hell or purgatory.
4.2 Body and Soul
4.2.1 Animals do have souls - St Francis
4.2.2 Soul is eternal, it makes us, us. The human
essence. Made of 3 parts - Plato
220.127.116.11 It isn't eternal. The Knife, essence of a knife is to cut.
When destroyed it losses its essence. When a person
dies they cannot act rationally - their essence is gone. -
4.2.3 Body and soul are often opposed. Soul follows
God. Body looks for pleasure on earth.
4.2.4 When someone die a new 'spiritual body' went to heaven. Paul
4.2.5 Breath of life
18.104.22.168 Soul into first human
4.2.6 Most believe that animals do not have souls
4.3 Funeral Rites
4.3.1 I am the resurrection and life - John 11.25
22.214.171.124 In the ground or cremated.
126.96.36.199 Further prayers are said.
188.8.131.52.1 Minister will say a final committal statement, this is done at cremation as well.
184.108.40.206 Tell the life of the person, so that they may
be remembered for their good things in life.
220.127.116.11 The significance of this is that
the dead person is remembered
for the good and happy things.
4.3.4 Holy Communion
18.104.22.168 Known as mass
22.214.171.124 Almost always,performed in Catholic funerals and is
not uncommon in other denominations
126.96.36.199 Are said for the family of the dead,
asking God for support
188.8.131.52 The significance is that
everyone is cared for not
just the person who is
184.108.40.206 Possible favourites of the dead.
4.3.7 Bible reading
220.127.116.11 Focus on eternal life. Shows that their life
has not ended.