jake wilson
Mind Map by , created over 3 years ago

Mind Map on Networks, created by jake wilson on 07/01/2016.

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jake wilson
Created by jake wilson over 3 years ago
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1 Network Topologies
1.1 Bus
1.1.1 Advantages - • Easy to install • Easy to add extra workstations • Uses less cable than a Star network • Best choice for temporary networks
1.1.2 Disadvantages - • If there is a problem with the central cable, the entire network stops working • If there are a lot of workstations on the network, data can travel slowly. • Data collisions can happen as the network becomes busy • Low security - every workstation can see all of the data in the network • Limited cable length and a maximum number of workstations
1.2 Star
1.2.1 Advantages - • Star networks are very reliable. If one connection fails, it does not affect other users • Very few data collisions as each workstation has its own cable to the server • Good security - no workstation can interact with another without going through the server first
1.2.2 Disadvantages -• The most expensive network layout to install because of the amount of cables needed • Installing the network usually needs experts to set it up • Extra hardware such as hubs and switches may be needed • If the server crashes or stops working then nobody will be able to access their files or use the network.
1.3 Mesh
1.3.1 Advantages - • Data can be transmitted from different devices simultaneously. This topology can withstand high traffic. • Even if one of the components fails there is always an alternative present. So data transfer doesn’t get affected. • Expansion and modification in topology can be done without disrupting other nodes.
1.3.2 Disadvantages - • There are high chances of redundancy in many of the network connections. • Overall cost of this network is way too high as compared to other network topologies. • Set-up and maintenance of this topology is very difficult. Even administration of the network is tough.
1.4 Ring
1.4.1 Advantages - • Transmission of data is fairly simple as it only travels in one direction • No data collisions • Extra computers can be added easily with little effect on performance - although you have to shut down the network to be able to do this.
1.4.2 Disadvantages - • If a single machine is switched off, the network doesn't work • If a cable breaks, the network doesn't work • Data must pass through every computer until it reaches its destination. This can make it slower than other network layouts. • If there are any problems with the network, they can be difficult to identify the cause.
2 Types of data speed
2.1 Bps - Bites per second
2.2 Mbps - Mega-bites per second