1 To protect
Directive 92/100/EEC of 19 November 1992 on rental right and lending
right and on certain rights related to copyright in the field of
1.2 Avoids higher prices
for those who but legally
software houses to be
Limitations imposed by copyright
When you buy software, for example, copyright law forbids you from:
giving a copy to a friendmaking a copy and then selling itusing the software on a network (unless the licence allows it)renting the software without the permission of the copyright holder
2.1 Comes into
2.2 No official register for copyright, but
it is a good idea to mark work with
the copyright symbol, your name
and the date
2.3 Type of work protected
2.3.1 Original literary works
Song lyrics, manuscripts, manuals, computer programs, commercial documents, leaflets, newsletters and articles etc.
2.3.2 Original dramatic works
Plays, dance, etc.
2.3.3 Original musical works
Recordings and score.
2.3.4 Original artistic works
Photography, painting, architecture, technical drawings/diagrams, maps, logos, etc.
2.3.5 Published editions of works
Magazines, periodicals, etc.
2.3.6 sound recordings
May be recordings of works, e.g. musical and literary.
2.3.7 films, including videos
Broadcasts and cable programmes.
2.4 Does not protect
ideas, it protects the
way in which it is
3 Website copyright conditions
3.1 Copyright also
covers the content
3.2 copyright information
often shown in the
'conditions of use' or
be attached as a
and school web
The vast majority of websites have a copyright notice in the footer.
Most designers do this as routine on all websites they design.
4 Software piracy
Prevention of software piracy
Software companies take many steps to stop software piracy:
agreement between the company that developed the software and the user
must be agreed before the software is installed. This is called the
license agreement and covers copyright.Certain pieces of software require a unique licence key to be entered before the installation will continue.Some applications or programs will only run if the media (CD / DVD) is in the drive. Some applications or programs will only run if a special piece of hardware called a dongle is plugged into the back of the computer.
4.1 involves the illegal copying of computer software.
4.1.2 Professional criminals making copies in bulk
and selling them through illegal outlets
4.2 End User
4.2.1 Purchaser does not 'own'
the software but has
purchased the right to
4.2.2 Single User
220.127.116.11 can only be
4.2.3 Multi User
18.104.22.168 bought for a certain
number of users
4.2.4 Site license
22.214.171.124 bought for
that that site
or in an office
to use the
5 Copyright issues
5.1 Technical solutions -
giving each copy of
the software a digital
5.2 Enforcement -
an individual or
Infringement of copyright is actionable by the copyright owner as the
infringement of a property right (s. 96) or, in the case of infringement
of moral rights, as the tort of breach of statutory duty (s. 103).
5.3 Education - to alert people to the
indirect costs that resulted from
In general, copying for educational use (including examination) is
permitted so long as it is performed by the person giving or receiving
instruction (s. 32) or by the education establishment in the case of a
broadcast (s. 35):
however, reprographic copying is only permitted within the limit of 1%
of the work per three-month period (s. 36). Works may be performed in
educational establishments without infringing copyright, provided that
no members of the public are present (s. 34): the parents of pupils are
considered members of the public unless they have some other connection
with the establishment (e.g., by being teachers or governors). Further
provisions are contained in secondary legislation.
5.4 Abandon copyright -
software should be seen as
5.5 Difficulties in prevention
The Act simplifies the regime of Crown copyright,
that is the copyright in works of the United Kingdom government, and
abolishes the perpetual Crown copyright in unpublished works of the
Crown. It also creates the separate concept of Parliamentary copyright for the works of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and the Scottish Parliament, and applies similar rules to the copyrights of certain international organisations.
5.5.1 many don't
see it as a
5.5.2 privacy laws
unless there is a
5.5.3 copying takes