Costing and Pricing for Transportation

Korima Esparza
Mind Map by Korima Esparza, updated more than 1 year ago
Korima Esparza
Created by Korima Esparza over 3 years ago
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Capítulo 4 sistemas de transporte
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Costing and Pricing for Transportation
1 Market structure models
1.1 Pure competiotion
1.1.1 large number of sellers.
1.1.2 unrestricted entry
1.1.3 no one can influence prices
1.2 perfectly monopolistic market
1.2.1 no close competitor or substitute
1.3 oligopoly
1.3.1 small number of producers
1.4 monopolistic competition
1.4.1 differentiation of products
1.4.2 no one controls a significant portion of the market
2 cost-of-service pricing
2.1 only one group of customers involved
2.2 this group is responsible for all costs
2.3 the firm possesses some degree of monopoly power
2.4 average cost
2.5 marginal cost
2.6 Decreasing Cost
2.7 common costs
2.8 Value-of-service pricing
2.8.1 maximum revenue
2.8.2 no service should be charged a lower price if could bear a higher price.
3 product or service is homogeneous
4 maximize profits
4.1 produce quantity Qm
4.2 charge price Pm
5 Value-of-service pricing
5.1 pricing according to the value of the product
5.2 third-degree price discrimination
5.3 differential pricing
6 Rate making in practice
6.1 general rates
6.2 Exception rates
6.3 Commodity rates
6.4 Class Rates
6.4.1 rate base point
6.4.2 rate basis number
7 Rate Systems Under Deregulation
7.1 limited
7.2 Special Rates
7.2.1 Character-of-Shipment Rates
7.2.1.1 LTL/TL Rates
7.2.1.2 Multiple-Car Rates
7.2.1.3 Incentive Rates
7.2.1.4 Unit-Train Rates
7.2.1.5 Per-Car and Per-Truckload Rates
7.2.1.6 Any-Quantity Rates
7.2.1.7 Density Rates
8 Area, Location or route rates
8.1 Local Rates
8.2 Joint Rates
8.3 Proportional Rates
8.4 Differential Rates
8.5 Per-Mile Rates
8.6 Terminal-to-Terminal Rates
9 Time/Service Rate Structures
9.1 Contract Rates
9.2 Deferred Delivery
9.3 Other Rate Structures
9.3.1 Corporate Volume Rates
9.3.2 Discounts
9.3.3 Loading Allowances
9.3.4 Aggregate Tender Rates
9.3.5 FAK Rates
10 Most Common Mistakes in Pricing
10.1 make pricing too reliant on costs
10.2 prices are not revised frequently enough
10.3 proce not varied enough
11 References: Coyle. (2011). Transportation a supply chain perspective. Ohio: Cengage Learning Ch. 4
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