Haiti's Earthquake

Hannah Gibbs
Mind Map by Hannah Gibbs , updated more than 1 year ago
Hannah Gibbs
Created by Hannah Gibbs almost 4 years ago
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geography case study GCSE
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Haiti's Earthquake
1 Date and time

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  • on the 12th January 2010 at 4:53 pm the earthquake hit
2 Location

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  • Haiti isolated near Cuba and Jamaica between North and South America  it's an LEDC
3 magnitude

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  • the earthquake was a 7.0 magnitude and lasted less than 60 seconds 
4 death toll

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  • 200,000 people died 
5 the plates

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  • the north american plate and the caribbean plate  conservative plate boundary 
6 epicentre and focus

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  • the epicentre was only 15 miles from the Capital and the focus was only 13 km below the surface 
7 Short term effects

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  • 3 million people effected over 220,000 dead  300,000 injured  1.3million homeless hospitals collapsed and buildings damaged 
8 long term effects

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  • Haiti's main industry damaged loss of income  businesses lost ports and airports damaged 30,000 commercial businesses  destroyed  huge drop in trade  cholera outbreaks
9 Primary responce
9.1 dominican republic

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  • provides emergency water and medical aid 
9.2 Iceland

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  • provides emergency rescue teams
9.3 Red cross

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  • they encourage donations and set up temporary field hospitals 
10 factors making it worse

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  • very few earthquake proof buildings  poorly built buildings causing them  to pancake  as Haiti's an LEDC it has very few recourses or money so mainly relies on aid 
11 secondary response

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  • donations were still encouraged  in 2011 1300 camps still active  haitians paid to clean up on a cash for work scheme  schools and hospitals rebuilt  farmers supported to grow crops  
12 Facts

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  • 86% of Port au Prince were living in slum conditions  1/2 of Port au Prince had no access to latrines and 1/3 had no access to water  most lived on $2 or less per day 
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