Meta-ethics

pkayy11
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Ethics Mind Map on Meta-ethics, created by pkayy11 on 03/10/2014.

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pkayy11
Created by pkayy11 over 5 years ago
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Meta-ethics
1 Examines the meaning of ethical language
2 20th century - occupied almost totally (in 'analytic' anglophone philosophy) with analysis of language → dominated ethical discussion of the detriment of practical questions
3 Cognitivists - ethical language is meaningful, objective, can be true or false and is factual
4 Non-cognitivists - ethical language is non-descriptive, meaningless, subjective and cannot be true or false
5 F.H. Bradley: Ethical Naturalism (Cognitivists)
5.1 Ethical statements are the same as non-ethical statements - factual and can be verified or falsified by looking at evidence e.g. Martin Luther was a good man → led the African-Americans out of racial segregation
5.1.1 Example: 'rough' or 'smooth' ≈ 'good' or 'bad'
5.2 Ethical statements can be verified through empirical observation
5.3 Ethical statements can be drawn from non-ethical, natural statements e.g. abortion ends the life of a foetus therefore abortion is wrong
5.4 We observe the world around us and create moral theories to fit our observations
5.5 Evaluation
5.5.1 - G.E. Moore - 'naturalistic fallacy' → cannot claim that moral statements can be verified or falsified using evidence - based his argument on Hume's is-ought (fact-moral judgement)

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