Language Acquisition Theories

Katherine Joa
Mind Map by Katherine Joa, updated more than 1 year ago
Katherine Joa
Created by Katherine Joa about 5 years ago
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Mind map of second language acquisition theories

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Language Acquisition Theories
  1. Social Constructivism: Lev Vygotsky
    1. Emphasizes the importance of social interactions in language acquisition.
      1. This applies to the classroom because it takes into consideration a student's zone of proximal development. ZPD is the difference between what the student can do with help and what the student can do without help. Social interaction between a teacher and student lies in this zone.
    2. Interlanguage Theory: Larry Selinker
      1. There are four kinds of knowledge involved in learning a second language. They are knowledge about the second language, competence in the native language, ability to use the functions of language, and general world knowledge.
        1. Students are going to make errors as they try to learn a second language and it is important for teachers to use student errors to guide how they will instruct their teaching.
      2. Interactionist Model: Michael Long
        1. This model builds in the Communicative Competence Model. It involves using peer conversation to increase a student's exposure to English.
          1. In the classroom this would look like lots of face to face interaction between all students. Communication is key to learning a new language.
        2. Transformational Grammar: Noam Chomsky
          1. All human language rests on innate building blocks of expression. All languages have the same components such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.
            1. Children do not need to be explicitly taught language. Students will learn language by listening to people speak naturally.
          2. Communicative Competence: Dell Hymes
            1. This means that the speaker knows how and when to use language appropriately, not just knowing the proper grammar.
              1. In the classroom students have to be able to use real life language to perform academic activities.
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