Atmosphere - energy ins & outs

smithben540
Mind Map by smithben540, updated more than 1 year ago
smithben540
Created by smithben540 almost 6 years ago
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S216 - Environmental Science, Block 2 Air & Earth
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Resource summary

Atmosphere - energy ins & outs
1 kinetic energy
2 thermal energy

Annotations:

  • Sensible heat - the thermal energy of the air.
3 gravitational potential energy
4 latent heat

Annotations:

  • Energy held by water vapour that has been evaporated
5 steady state
5.1 radiative energy
5.1.1 absorbtion
5.1.2 scattering
5.1.2.1 albedo effect
5.1.3 solar radiation
5.1.4 infrared radiation
5.2 greenhouse effect
6 adiabatic lapse rates
6.1 SALR

Annotations:

  • Saturated adiabatic lapse rate.
6.2 DALR

Annotations:

  • Dry adiabatic lapse rate.
6.3 ELR

Annotations:

  • environmental lapse rate
6.3.1 convection

Annotations:

  • Convection occurs under unstable conditions where the ELR is greater than the SALR or DALR.
  • Involves kinetic energy but also carries energy in two form: sensible heat (thermal) and latent heat.
7 temperature structure of the atmosphere

Annotations:

  • The troposphere is heated by the surface by infrared radiation and the stratosphere is heated by solar radiation - particularly the UV.
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