unit 2

brandy leblanc
Mind Map by brandy leblanc, updated more than 1 year ago
brandy leblanc
Created by brandy leblanc about 4 years ago


unit 2 mind map

Resource summary

unit 2
1 Scientific Approach to behaviour
1.1 1. Measurment and description, finding techniques to measure that make it possible to describe behaviour
1.1.1 understanding and predicating: ability to understand and explain events with reasons for occurrence Hypothesis is a tentative, testable answer to a scientific question relating and the relationship between variables Variables: are any measurable conditions, events, characteristics or behaviours that are controlled in a experiment or study. Application and control: Applying the findings from experiments to assist in everyday life
2 Scientific Techniques
2.1 Direct Observation: watching and recording social behaviours. Pros - Minimizes artificaliity. Cons - Difficult to remain unobtrusive
2.2 Experiment: Manipulation of the idependent variable to see what changes occur in the dependent vaiable. Pros - precise control of variables. Cons - often artifical experiments and ethical dilemas
2.3 Case studies: research that is used to look at individuals, groups of participants, collecting data about participants using participant and direct observations, interviews, Protocols, tests, examinations of records Pros - well suited to study certain phenomenas and can provide data to support theories. Cons - subjectivity and clinical samples often underrepresented.
2.4 Surveys: questionaires and interviews to collect data. Pros- ability to gather data on hard to observe behaiour and easy to collect data. Cons - unrelaible due to initention, bias, social desirabilty, etc.
3 Experiements
3.1 Indpendent vaiable: It is a variable that stands alone and isn't changed by the other variables you are trying to measure.
3.2 Dependent variable: depends on other factors, amount of change
3.3 Experimental groups: exposed to independent variable and are expected to create change
3.4 Control Group: that does not receive treatment and is used as a benchmark to measure how the other tested subjects do.
3.5 Extraneous Variable: variables other than the independent variable which may have an effect on the dependent variable.
4 Correlation: when 2 variables are related to each other
4.1 Positive Correlation: when two variables co-vary in the same direction Negetive correlation: when 2 vairables co-vary in opposite directions
4.2 Strength of correlation the closer to -100 or 100 the stronger, closer to 0 decrease.
4.2.1 Just because there is a correlation does not mean the varibles are dependent of one another. Causation, one event is the result of the occurrence of the other event;
5 Statisitcs - Mean: Average of scores in a distribution. Median: The Score that falls ecaxtly in the middle. Mode: is the most requesnt score
6 Ethics
6.1 i. Respect for the dignity of the persons
6.1.1 ll. Responsible caring lll. Intergraty in relationships lV. Responisbility to society
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