GENERAL THEORY OF SYSTEMS (GTS)

David Cabrera
Mind Map by David Cabrera, updated more than 1 year ago
David Cabrera
Created by David Cabrera over 3 years ago
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mental map of the General Systems Theory
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GENERAL THEORY OF SYSTEMS (GTS)
1 What is it?
1.1 Is the study of systems in general for the purpose of applying them to all existing systems
2 What is a system?
2.1 Set of two or more interrelated elements working together to achieve a common goal
3 How do I come from?
3.1 Arose due to the need to address scientific understanding of concrete reality systems are generally complex and unique, resulting of a particular history, instead of abstract systems like which studies Physical
4 Main representatives
4.1 Ludwig Von Bertalanffy (1901-1972)
4.1.1 Raises the GTS as all the elements in a system are in equilibrium.
4.2 Norbert Wiener (1894-1964)
4.2.1 through cyber seek mechanisms to automate and predict future events
4.3 William Ross Ashby
4.3.1 He main objective is to explain the change and conduct indicating "purpose", "memory", "anticipation", in purely deterministic and mechanistic terms.
5 Definition of SistemaLa General Systems Theory distinguishes various levels of complexity
5.1 System: coherent whole, for example a family
5.2 Suprasystem: medium surrounding the system; friends, neighbors, extended family ...
5.3 Subsystems: system components; individuals.
6 Principles of General Systems Theory
6.1 Totality: The system transcends the individual characteristics of its members
6.2 Entropy: The systems tend to maintain their identity
6.3 Synergy: Any change in any part affects all others and sometimes the system
6.4 Purpose: systems share common goals
6.5 Equifinality: Changes to the system are independent of the initial conditions
6.6 Equipotentiality: Allows the remaining parts assume the functions of extinct parts
6.7 Feedback: The systems maintain a constant exchange of information
6.8 Homeostasis: Every living system can be defined by their tendency to remain stable
6.9 Morphogenesis: Every system is also defined by its tendency to change
7 Types of Systems
7.1 Open systems: maintain open borders with the world (other systems) with power sharing and information exchange.
7.2 Closed systems There is very little exchange of energy and information with the environment they live broader.
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