The Immune System

Qianqian Niu
Mind Map by Qianqian Niu, updated more than 1 year ago
Qianqian Niu
Created by Qianqian Niu over 3 years ago
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AP biology immune system
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The Immune System
1 Innate
1.1 cellular defense
1.2 rapid response
1.3 physical & chemical barrier
1.4 leukocytes
1.4.1 immunity cell in the blood stream
1.5 2nd line: Internal Innate Response
1.5.1 Fever
1.5.1.1 if the pathogens are overflowed, the fever will basically burn everything down so they can heel faster
1.5.2 Chemical Signal
1.5.3 Inflammation
1.5.3.1 mast cells sends out histamines which creates redness and heat, and triggers signal for phagocytes
1.5.4 phagocytes
1.5.4.1 Neutrophils
1.5.4.1.1 self destruct after eating pathogen
1.5.4.2 macrophages
1.5.4.2.1 DOESN'T DIE
1.5.4.3 natural killer cells
1.5.4.3.1 can kill your own cell if become infected or cancerous
1.6 1st line: skin, hair, mucus
1.7 things we have
2 Disorder
2.1 Autoimmune Diseases
2.2 Immunodeficiency diseases
2.3 Stress in Immune Response
2.3.1 Hormones
2.4 Foreign Invaders
2.4.1 Mutant Cells
2.4.2 Pathogens
2.4.2.1 Virus
2.4.2.2 Fungi
2.4.2.3 Protist
2.4.2.4 Parasite
2.4.2.5 Bacteria
2.4.3 Cellular Debris
2.4.4 Worn-Out Cells
2.4.4.1 Cancer
2.4.4.2 Tumor
2.5 Allergic
2.5.1 Increased Immoglobin
2.5.2 Mast cells
2.5.2.1 Secrete Histamine
2.5.2.1.1 Vasodilation
2.5.2.1.1.1 Symptoms
2.5.2.1.1.1.1 Fever
2.5.2.1.1.1.2 Coughing
2.5.2.1.1.1.3 Sneezing
3 Immunity
3.1 Natural Immunity
3.1.1 Passive
3.1.1.1 Passed on from someone
3.1.1.1.1 Antibodies
3.1.2 Active
3.1.2.1 only you
3.1.2.1.1 Memory cell
3.2 Artificial Immunity
3.2.1 Passive
3.2.1.1 stimulate the production of antibodies
3.2.2 Active
4 Adaptive
4.1 ANTIGENS
4.2 humoral response
4.2.1 B lymphocytes
4.2.1.1 memory cell
4.2.1.2 plasma cell
4.2.1.2.1 antibodies
4.2.1.2.1.1 to prevent virus movement
4.2.1.2.1.1.1 neutralisation to viruses
4.2.1.2.1.1.2 agglutination: bonds multiple viruses together
4.2.1.2.1.2 vaccine
4.2.1.2.1.2.1 introduce weak pathogens to your body
4.2.1.2.1.3 acquired immunity
4.2.1.2.1.3.1 babies get from their mom
4.2.1.2.1.3.2 temporary protection
4.2.1.2.1.3.3 transplant antibodies
4.2.2 helper T cell
4.2.2.1 HIV major attack
4.3 slow response
4.4 cell mediated response
4.4.1 T lymphocytes
4.4.1.1 killer T cell
4.5 lymphocytes
4.5.1 immunity cell in the lymphatic system
4.6 NEVER FORGET
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