C+D

08m703
Mind Map by 08m703, updated more than 1 year ago
08m703
Created by 08m703 about 7 years ago
322
2

Description

Sociology (Crime and Deviance) Mind Map on C+D, created by 08m703 on 05/05/2013.
Tags

Resource summary

C+D
1 Neo-Marxism: critical criminology
1.1 Taylor et al agrees with Marxist views but differs slightly from trad Marxist ideas. Anti-determinism - trad Marxism is deterministic - sees workers driven to commit crime out of economic necessity. Reject that crime is caused by external factors such as labelling. Take a voluntaristic view (free will) - crime is a meaningful action and down to choice. Individuals shouldn't be called deviant for being diff
2 A fully social theory of deviance
2.1 Taylor et al - A comprehensive understanding of crime with two main sources; 1). Traditional Marxist ideas about the unequal distribution of wealth and who has power to enforce the law. 2). Ideas from the interactionism and labelling theory about the meaning of the deviant act/reactions from society/effects of the deviant label
2.2 6 aspects: 1). The wider origins of the deviant act; pro and bourg in capitalism. 2). Ideas from interactionism + labelling theory about the in-depth meaning of the deviant act. 3). The act itself - meaning behind it. 4). Immediate origins of social reaction (police etc). 5). The wider origins of social reaction - who has the power to define acts as deviant? 6). The effects of labelling - why does deviance sometimes amplify and sometimes not?
3 Evaluation of critical criminology
3.1 Feminists say it's 'gender biased' - too much focus on males
3.2 Left realists make two related criticisms, firstly critical criminology romanticises working-class criminals as 'Robin Hoods' who are fighting capitalism, when really these criminals simply prey on the poor. secondly, Taylor et al do not take such crime seriously and they ignore its effects on working-class victims.
3.3 Roger Hopkins Burke argues critical criminology is too general to explain crime and too idealistic to be useful in tackling crime
3.4 Walton and Young defend some aspects of new criminology; in calling for greater tolerance of diversity in behaviour. 'Correctionalist bias' - th assumption that sociology's role is to find ways of correcting deviant behaviour.
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

POSITIVISM AND SUICIDE
ashiana121
Sociology: Crime and Deviance Flash cards
Beth Morley
Sociology - Crime and Deviance - Feminists
josaul1996
Functionalist Theory of Crime
A M
The Functionalist perspective on education
Phoebe Fletcher
Realist Theories
A M
Sociology for the MCAT
Sarah Egan
KEY CONCEPTS & CHOICE OF METHOD SCLY2
ashiana121
Research Methods
cheyenne warwick
Ethnicity, Crime & Justice
A M
Sociology Key Words
kazoakley