Karl Marx (1818 - 1883)

J T
Mind Map by , created almost 3 years ago

CIE AS-Level Sociology. Mindmap on Karl Marx

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J T
Created by J T almost 3 years ago
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Karl Marx (1818 - 1883)
1 German philosopher & economist
2 believed that order was created & maintained through conflict
2.1 class conflict
2.1.1 class inequality
2.1.1.1 idea in capitalist societies where one small group owns most of the wealth and the vast majority owns little to nothing.
2.2 mixture of force & persuasion
2.2.1 controlling people through violence / threat of death/punishment
2.2.2 persuaded to behave in an orderly manner (eg : religious teachings that encourage belief in higher power & one's predetermined place in the world.
3 argued that social development went through "4 epochs" / "time periods"
3.1 each was characterised by a different type of economic relationship
3.1.1 primitive communism
3.1.2 ancient society
3.1.3 feudal / pre-industrial society
3.1.3.1 peasant & lord relationship
3.1.4 capitalist / industrial society
3.1.4.1 employer/owner & employee/non-owner relationship
3.1.4.2 dominant group - "bourgeoisie"
3.1.4.2.1 owned the means of economic production (land, factories, machines)
3.1.4.3 non-dominant group - "proletariat"
3.1.4.3.1 vast majority. owns nothing but ability to work which they trade in exchange for money.
3.1.5 characterised by conflict bc it's the domination of one group over the other.

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