To what extent did Russia undergo economic and political reform in 1906-14?


Mind Map on To what extent did Russia undergo economic and political reform in 1906-14?, created by olivia-rosa-cooper on 04/08/2014.
Mind Map by olivia-rosa-cooper, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by olivia-rosa-cooper almost 9 years ago

Resource summary

To what extent did Russia undergo economic and political reform in 1906-14?
  1. Yes it did
    1. 1906-October Manifesto published as a result of the 1905 revolution
      1. A way to appease the peasants and appear as a revolutionary change
        1. Political activity now legal, political parties now no longer needed to remain secret; freedom of speech also introduced with the introduction of a state elected Duma.
        2. Truly changed very little, banned trade unions and newspapers, yet was a bad to make the peasants content and prevent chances of another revolution
        3. Opening of the 3rd Duma Nov.1907-June 1912, real cooperation between the Duma and the Tsar
          1. Resulted in social reforms being passed improving areas, e.g. schooling for all children, national insurance for industrial workers and modernised the armed services
            1. Stolypin found 3rd Duma to be more cooperative, allowed to introduce his land reforms
              1. 3rd Duma did question the Tsars ministers, especially over state finances
              2. Predominantly right wing parties who supported the Tsar
                1. Wouldn't try introduce laws to undermine him, huge change from first 2 Dumas
              3. 4th Duma opened Nov. 1912-Aug. 1914, still voiced criticism of the Tsar's government
                1. Introduced a welfare state to help ordinary people of Russia, main contribution
              4. No it didn't
                1. Dumas set up, powers seriously curtailed. Couldn't pass laws or control finance, and minister were still responsible to the Tsar and not the Duma.
                  1. First Duma was so short lived due to the passing of the fundamental laws
                    1. These gave power to the Tsar to dissolve the Duma at any point and take back full autocratic power in crisis of war.
                      1. Thus, hampering any political reform that was going to be made in this period.
                    2. Second Duma also dissolved
                      1. Due to high % of liberals & extremists that had been elected, seen as a threat to the Tsar
                        1. Immediately unpopular with Russian people, shown the superficial nature of the Oct. Manifesto reforms
                          1. Despite promising reform, little changed, Tsar implemented martial law within major cities to quell civil unrest, reversing back to how Russia was ruled before the revolution
                      2. Franchise limited, Tsar didn't like types of government being formed, so dismissed them, thus revolutionary parties boycotted the Duma, left being elected by a rich elite creating a pro-Tsar government.
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