Bacterial Infections

Mili M
Mind Map by Mili M, updated more than 1 year ago
Mili M
Created by Mili M over 4 years ago
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Description

6 common bacterial infections- their cause, mode of transmission, prevention, symptoms and cure.

Resource summary

Bacterial Infections
  1. Tetanus
    1. Cause: Clostridium tetani
      1. Transmission: Through open wound
        1. Symptoms: Fever, pain, spasms of neck and jaws
          1. Cure: Sedation, administration of muscle relaxing chemicals, antibiotics and antitoxins
            1. Prevention: Vaccine
            2. Typhoid
              1. Cause: Salmonella enterica
                1. Transmission: Contaminated water and food
                  1. Symptoms: Fever, headaches, constipation and diarrhoea
                    1. Cure: Antibiotics
                      1. Prevention: presence of hygienic conditions, vaccine
                      2. Cholera
                        1. Cause: Vibrio cholerae
                          1. Transmission: Contaminated water
                            1. Symptoms: Chronic diarrhoea, dehydration, loss of liquids and salts
                              1. Prevention: Vaccine and presence of hygiene
                                1. Cure: Oral rehydration, intravenous administration of fluids
                                2. Plague
                                  1. Cause: Yersinia pestis
                                    1. Transmission: Fleas
                                      1. Symptoms: Fever, swelling of the lymphatic ganglions and skin
                                        1. Cure: Antibiotics, Vaccine
                                          1. Prevention: Keep away from infected rodents
                                          2. Tuberculosis
                                            1. Cause: Koch bacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
                                              1. Transmission: Air and milk from infested cows
                                                1. Symptoms: Prolonged coughing, fever, shivering, bloody expectoration, weight loss, sweating, tiredness, and glossy eyes
                                                  1. Cure: Resting, clean air, proper diet, besides medication.
                                                    1. Prevention: BCG (Bacille Calmette Guerin) decreases risk of infection, pasteurization of the milk, vaccine for children
                                                    2. Pneumonia
                                                      1. Cause: Aeromonas hydrophila, Streptococcus pneumoniae and other bacteria
                                                        1. Symptoms: Fever, shiver, sweating, cough with expectoration, muscle, head and thoracic pain, appetite loss, weakness
                                                          1. Transmission: Inhalation of infected air or via air-borne droplets from a cough or sneeze
                                                            1. Cure: Antibiotics, oxygen, liquids, physiotherapy and/or vaccine trimetropin sulfamethoxazole
                                                              1. Prevention: Flu shot, vaccination
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