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Fracture in the arm

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Mind Map on Fracture in the arm, created by meera alblushi on 02/19/2017.
meera  alblushi
Mind Map by meera alblushi, updated more than 1 year ago
meera  alblushi
Created by meera alblushi over 5 years ago
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Resource summary

Fracture in the arm
  1. bone
    1. Anatomy of the arm
      1. bone and mucsle
        1. nerve and vessels
        2. Nerve lesions
          1. Fractures
            1. Types of Fractures
              1. Stable fracture:
                1. Stable fracture: The broken ends of the bone line up and are barely out of place.
                2. Open, compound fracture: .
                  1. The skin might be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture. The bone might be seen or might not be visible in the wound.
                  2. Transverse fracture:
                    1. It is a type of fracture that characterized by a horizontal fracture line.
                    2. Oblique fracture:
                      1. Another type of fracture that has an angled pattern.
                      2. . Comminuted fracture:
                        1. This type of fracture has a bone that is shattered into three or more pieces.
                      3. Causes
                        1. Trauma
                          1. Can result from a motor vehicle accident, a fall or a tackle during a football game
                          2. Osteoporosis
                            1. This disorder make the bone weak and more prone to break.
                            2. Overuse
                              1. Repetitive motion could tire muscles and put more force on bone. This can lead to stress fractures. Stress fractures are commonly seen in athletes.
                            3. Symptoms
                              1. Bruising.
                                1. Swelling and tenderness around the injury
                                  1. Deformity
                                  2. Healing
                                    1. Ossification
                                      1. Healing of a fractured bone
                                        1. What can disturb the healing
                                          1. Delayed union
                                            1. Non-union
                                              1. Malunion
                                              2. Refracturing
                                            2. How does age affect healing
                                            3. Treatment and management
                                              1. Fractures: First aid
                                                1. Stop any bleeding.
                                                  1. Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing
                                                    1. Immobilize the injured area
                                                      1. Don't try to realign the bone or push a bone that's sticking out back in.
                                                        1. Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain.
                                                          1. Treat for shock
                                                            1. If the person feels faint or is breathing in short, rapid breaths, lay the person down with the head slightly lower than the trunk and, if possible, elevate the legs.
                                                    2. Physiotherapy
                                                      1. Psychoscioeconomic effects of fracture
                                                        1. Types of conditioning techniques
                                                          1. operant conditioning
                                                            1. classical
                                                              1. It is when a patient links his reaction to the trauma to his environment. For example if a person (Saeed) was shot at with a gun, after he recovers every load voice will make him scared that he was being shot at.
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