natasha.m.jones
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on Foucault, created by natasha.m.jones on 04/22/2014.

30
1
0
Tags No tags specified
natasha.m.jones
Created by natasha.m.jones over 5 years ago
Nietzsche, la genealogía y la historia... - FOUCAULT
Lucia Torres
AQA GCSE Physics Unit 2.1
Matthew T
Physics GCSE equations unit 1
James Howlett
CCNA Security 210-260 IINS - Exam 2
Mike M
Core 1.5 Mechanisms
T Andrews
European Mind in the 20th century:
lisacchilds
Nietzsche, la genealogía y la historia... - FOUCAULT
Lucia Torres
Nietzsche, la genealogía, la historia... - FOUCAULT
Lucia Torres
uncertain ontologies
Jennifer Wilhite
Foucault and the Disciplinary Society
Kirsten Crowe
Foucault
1 Introduction
1.1 Foucault - many subjects surrounding K&P (Sexuality, madness, discipline)
1.2 Mills & Smart - F not called himself a Sociologist
1.3 Influenced by Marx, Freud & Nietzsche
1.3.1 history nothing more than power strugle
1.4 Modern penal system's history - aims to analyse punishment in social contect
1.5 Outline my essay
2 1) Power and Knowledge
2.1 Foucault - questions idea P is a condition of K
2.2 Enlightenment - P&K opposites
2.3 No P without K
2.4 P works through discourses, institutions, practices
2.4.1 Shaped through these
2.5 Prison example of link between P&K
3 2) Confession
3.1 Central to Foucault's understanding of power
3.1.1 Highly valued in the west for producing the truth
3.2 no longer see obligation to confess as an effect of power
3.2.1 Not a top down power struggle
3.3 Presuppose secret - revealed - reveals hidden essence of confessor
3.3.1 Prison = convict --> presuppose crime & motive
4 3) Sovereign - disciplinary
4.1 Foucault - pre-modern punishment not irrational - rational for existing culture
4.2 Enlightenment - torture = atrocity
4.2.1 faded out 18th-19th C
4.3 Crime against Soverign
4.3.1 lost power & influence
4.4 Body - Soul
4.4.1 Punishment, supervision, constraint
4.4.1.1 same in modern prison but body in new form
4.5 Prison all-encompassing sovereign power within modern society
5 4) Normalisation
5.1 Discipline main function = to train
5.2 1/3 training factors
5.2.1 all make individual object of P&K
5.3 max social control, minimal force
5.4 Normalising judgement
5.4.1 constant evaluation
5.4.2 gap reduction
5.4.3 gratification punishment & rewards
5.5 great instrument of power along with surveillance
6 5) Hierarchal Observation
6.1 Foucault - 2nd training
6.2 Observe without being observed
6.3 can see induced effects of power
6.4 The Gaze - overall functioning of power
6.5 Foucault - perfect disciplinary apparatus - one gaze see all
6.5.1 Bentham's Panopticon
7 6) Panopticon
7.1 Foucault "marvelous machine"
7.2 produce homogeneous effects of power
7.3 regulate behaviour - shows power of those running institutions
7.4 power not just used by those in control
7.5 create knowledge through observation
7.5.1 see how power affects them all
7.6 A laboratory of power
8 7) Examination
8.1 laboratory = categorising
8.1.1 determine cause of criminality
8.2 creates discipline of criminology & criminal personality
8.2.1 another P, another K
8.3 without crim prisons fail to survive
8.3.1 who is normal and who is deviant
8.3.1.1 who needs to be normalised
8.4 P&K welded together
9 8) Critique - Prisons not needed
9.1 Baudrillard - generally positive of F
9.1.1 Qs F concepts of radical social theory (incl. power)
9.2 post-mod society caught up with media consumption
9.2.1 controlled by fashion & lesuire
9.2.1.1 Prisons not needed
9.3 F & B agree to understand P must be deconstructed
10 9) Criticisms - Marxism
10.1 Marx historical materialism alternative to F discipline and punishment
10.1.1 Critical of F historical record
10.2 Punishment explained through mode of production
10.2.1 not rational as F suggests
10.3 Prisons ensure power in hands of those at the top
10.4 Duff - don't imprison to prevent crime
10.4.1 to control those who are a threat to dominant values
11 10) Criticisms - Panopticon
11.1 Dobson & Fisher - Pan as metaphor not literal with emphasis on power
11.2 D&F - F fails to mention advantage of surveillance technologies
11.3 Bogard - no longer few watching many
11.3.1 Mathiesen - Pan & Syn work well and equally together in society
11.3.2 F over emphasises Pan
11.4 Many watching few enhanced by media
11.4.1 Similar to Baudrillard
12 Conclusion
12.1 Training factors logical
12.1.1 easily seen in prison
12.2 F - Carceral system - prison to other institutions
12.2.1 Class like Panopticon
12.2.1.1 Credibility to F
12.3 Provides insight into P&K relationship
12.3.1 limitations as shown by Baudrillard, etc

Media attachments