Animal Cell Structure And Organelles

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind map of the organelles within an animal cell that need to be known when studying the AQA AS biology specification

Created by emilyorr97 over 5 years ago
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Animal Cell Structure And Organelles
1 Nucleolus
1.1 Where ribosomes are made
1.1.1 Ribosomes are made of RNA and several proteins
1.1.2 They are a necessary part in protein synthesis
2 Nuclear Envelope
2.1 A double membrane layer that surrounds the nucleolus
2.2 Dotted with thousands of nuclear pores
2.2.1 Allow materials to move in and out of the nucleus
3 Chromatin
3.1 Compacted string of DNA
3.2 Found in the nucleus
3.3 Chromosomes are formed from chromatin
4 Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
4.1 Performs the synthesis of proteins
4.2 Transports many biochemical products
4.3 Dotted with ribosomes - hence the 'rough' ER
5 Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
5.1 Synthesises carbohydrates and lipids
6 Golgi Apparatus
6.1 To carry out the processing of proteins from the rough ER
6.2 Helps with the transportation of lipids around the cell and with the creation of lysosomes
7 Mitochondria
7.1 Performs respiration to produce energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphospahte)
8 Ribosomes
8.1 Synthesise proteins out of mRNA

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