1.1 We are unable to generalise to the whole
population, as the sample was 24 Dutch
male participants aged between 24 and 54.
This means we can not generalise. The
sample is also very small.
2.1 The study was a lab experiment so
there were very high controls of all the
variables, giving the study some
reliability. However, the sampling
method was volunteer sampling,
meaning that participants volunteered
to take part. This could have lead to
demand characteristics and low
3.1 The findings of the study can be
used to benefit society as it can
explains behaviours such as that of
soliders during wars.
4.1 Despite being a lab experiment,
it had very high ecological validity
as 96% of the participants
believed it was a real situation.
5.1 Deception - the
participants were lied to
about the aims of the
5.2 Protection - the p's
reported that they
giving the remarks.