(5) Voting behaviour - long term factors and voting


A level People and Politics (Elections and voting) Mind Map on (5) Voting behaviour - long term factors and voting, created by Marcus Danvers on 05/01/2014.
Marcus  Danvers
Mind Map by Marcus Danvers, updated more than 1 year ago
Marcus  Danvers
Created by Marcus Danvers almost 9 years ago

Resource summary

(5) Voting behaviour - long term factors and voting
  1. Social class
    1. Class voting - A link between voting and class
      1. E.G 64-66, 64% of working class voted Labour
        1. 62% of Middle class voted Conservatives
          1. 1966 66% of voters voted there "natural class"
            1. By 1979, just 51% would vote with there "natural party"
              1. 1987 - 44% "natural party"
                1. 2010 - 38% "natural party"
                2. Party loyalty
                  1. Party alignment - strong identification with a particular party 1964-70
                    1. 1954-66 90% of voter had identified with a party
                      1. Since 1970's decline, by 2005 a mere 10% - 9% voted Labour Tory
                      2. Gender
                        1. Women vote Conservatives. Less pronounced under Thatcher, better under Major
                          1. The New Labour under Blair created an equal voter turn out with 44%
                            1. The trend continued in 2001 and 2005
                              1. 2010 more men aged 18-34 voted Tory
                                1. Women voters aged 55 or above were more likely to vote Tory (44% to 30%
                                2. Age
                                  1. Likely to vote Tory with age
                                    1. Better-off keep wealth or fearful of change
                                    2. Likely to vote Labour among younger voters
                                      1. 2005 suffeared as Lib Dem's more votes with the 18-25
                                      2. 2010 - older women likely to vote Tory
                                      3. Religion and ethnicity
                                        1. Tory have a 9% lead over Labour with CofE
                                          1. Protestant non-conformists, Methodists and to a lesser extent Catholics, voted Labour
                                            1. Black voter more likely to vote Labour by 67%
                                              1. Asian voter more likely vote Labour by 58%
                                                1. Iraq War causted Asian's to vote Lib Dems in 2005 and 2010
                                              2. Region
                                                1. North-South divide in 1980's
                                                  1. Labour held seat almosted exclusively in the North and Conservative in the South respectively
                                                    1. Scotland and Wales at a time had no Tory seats
                                                    2. Labour made significant progress in the South in 1997 and 2001
                                                      1. Conservative gains in 2005 were made almost exclusively in the South
                                                        1. Lib Dem's strong support in the "Celt fringe"
                                                          1. This support is reflect in class factors and Pro-Labour support in urban areas and Pro-Conservatives support in rural areas
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