How did the Weimar republic survive in 1923?


GCSE HISTORY (Germany) Mind Map on How did the Weimar republic survive in 1923?, created by Chloe.Sharland on 05/07/2014.
Mind Map by Chloe.Sharland, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Chloe.Sharland over 9 years ago

Resource summary

How did the Weimar republic survive in 1923?
  1. Gustav Streseman
    1. In 1923 he organised the Great Coalition of moderate, pro-democracy parties in the Reichstag.
      1. He got the rest of the world to allow Germany to join the League of Nations in 1926.
        1. He persuaded the French to leave the Ruhr.
          1. Under Stresemann's guidance, the government called off the strike.
            1. Stresemann also introduced reforms to help ordinary people such as job centres, unemployment pay and better housing.
            2. Charles Dawes
              1. Charles Dawes was the US budget director. In 1923, he was sent to Europe to sort out Germany's economy.
                1. Under his advice, the German Reichsbank was reformed and the old money was called in and burned.
                  1. Dawes also arranged the Dawes Plan with Stresemann, which gave Germany longer to pay reparations.
                    1. Most importantly, Dawes agreed to America lending Germany 800 million gold marks, which kick-started the German economy.
                      1. This ended the hyperinflation.
                      2. Weimar Culture
                        1. singer/actress Marlene Dietrich
                          1. architect Gropius the leader of the Bauhaus movement
                            1. artists Paul Klee and Otto Dix
                              1. writer Erich Maria Remarque who wrote 'All Quiet on the Western Front'
                                1. film-maker Fritz Lang
                                2. Illusory?
                                  1. The Great Coalition collapsed before the end of 1923, and the Reichstag returned to chaos. When the crisis came, it was unable to respond.
                                    1. The nationalists and fascists did not win many seats in the Reichstag, but they were allowed to exist and campaign, so they were just waiting for the right opportunity to attempt a takeover again.
                                      1. Everything depended on American money - if that stopped, Germany was ready to return to crisis.
                                      2. Things that caused the Weimar period's success. & Things that are evidence of that success.
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