J.S.Bach Brandenburg.

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Information on J.S.Bach's Brandenburg No.2, 1st Movement

Resource summary

J.S.Bach Brandenburg.
1 Introduction
1.1 Set of 6 Concertos
1.2 'Concerti Grossi' because of accompanyinh 'Ripieno' (Mainly strings and continuo)
1.3 Combined with a select group of soloists, the 'concertino'.
1.4 Bach oved working with the form of Three movement compositions
1.5 Note: numbers 3+6 DO NOT have any solo instruments.
1.6 Musical Elements
1.6.1 Form
1.6.1.1 'Quasi Ritornello
1.6.1.2 no clear cut distinction between 'Ripieno' and 'Concertino'.
1.6.1.3 Both sections seem to play most of the time (tutti)
1.6.1.4 'Ritornello' is a series of short themes reappearing (rondo-like) in various keys, with soloists (the concertino) playing episodes in between.
1.6.2 Structure
1.6.2.1 Rit = Ritornello
1.6.2.2 Con = Concertino
1.6.2.3 Bar 1-8, (Rit 1), F Major
1.6.2.3.1 Bar 9-10, (Con 1), F Major
1.6.2.3.1.1 Bar 11-12, (Rit 2), F Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1 Bar 13-14, (Con 2), F Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1 Bar 15-16, (Rit 3), C Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 17-18, (Con 3), C Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 19-20, (Rit 4), C Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 21-22, (Con 4), C Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 23-28, (Rit 5), C Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 29-30, (Con 5), F Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 31-39, (Rit 6), D Minor
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 40-59, (Rit 7), D Minor-C Major-F Major-Bb Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 60-67, (Con 7), G Minor-Eb Major
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 68-83, (Rit 8), C Minor-G Minor
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 84-93, (Con 8), G Minor-D Minor-A Minor
1.6.2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Bar 94-118, (Rit 9/10), A Minor-F Major
1.6.3 Texture
1.6.3.1 Mainly Dense
1.6.3.2 Many examples of various motifs interacting simultaneously
1.6.4 Tonality
1.6.4.1 Home Key: F Major
1.6.4.2 Occasionally Minor: e.g. Bar 68 - C minor; Bar 88 - D minor
1.6.4.3 Examples of Modulations
1.6.4.3.1 C Major (Dominant)
1.6.4.3.2 D minor (Relative minor)
1.6.4.3.3 Bb Major (Sub-dominant)
1.6.4.3.4 Eb Major (Flattened Leading Note)
1.6.4.3.5 C minor (Dominant minor)
1.6.4.3.6 G minor (Supertonic)
1.6.4.3.7 A minor (Mediant minor)
1.6.5 Harmony
1.6.5.1 Diatonic
1.6.5.2 Dominant 7th (root position) (Con 7- 51)
1.6.5.3 Dominant 7th 4/2 (third inversion) (52)
1.6.5.4 Major triad 6/3 (First inversion) (72)
1.6.6 Techniques + Devices
1.6.6.1 Rising Sequence (bars 96-97) OBOE
1.6.6.2 Sequence (bars 33-34) FLUTE
1.6.6.3 Sequence (bars 76-79) SOLO TRUMPET
1.6.6.4 Falling sequence (bars 77-79) VIOLA
1.6.6.5 Syncopation (bar 50-55; 107-112) VIOLIN 1 - ripieno
1.6.6.6 Cadences: Perfect (bar 8;28;39;83;93)
1.6.6.7 Imitation (bar 96-98) SOLO VIOLIN + FLUTE
1.6.6.8 Arpeggio based (bar 1-2) TRUMPET
1.6.6.9 Reduced instrumentation (bar 60-67) Concertino + continuo
1.6.7 Instrmentation
1.6.7.1 Concertino Soloists
1.6.7.1.1 Tromba: Trumpet ( no valves in Bach's Day). Written a 4th lower that the sound.
1.6.7.1.2 Flauto: (Flute a bec): Recorder
1.6.7.1.3 Oboe
1.6.7.1.4 Violino: Violin
1.6.7.2 Ripieno
1.6.7.2.1 Violin I
1.6.7.2.1.1 Violin II
1.6.7.2.1.1.1 Viola
1.6.7.2.1.1.1.1 Cello
1.6.7.2.1.1.1.1.1 Double Bass
1.6.7.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Harpsichord/ Cembalo continuo
1.6.8 Score Indications
1.6.8.1 Tasto Solo: (bar 102-103): Harpsichord, play the notes without filling in harmonies.
1.6.8.2 all unisono: Cello/Bass and Harpsichord play in unison.
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