Respiration and the Breathing System

cian.buckley
Mind Map by cian.buckley, updated more than 1 year ago
cian.buckley
Created by cian.buckley about 7 years ago
587
2

Description

Leaving Certificate Biology Mind Map on Respiration and the Breathing System, created by cian.buckley on 01/23/2013.
Tags

Resource summary

Respiration and the Breathing System
1 Respiration is the Release of Energy from Food
2 Types of Respiration
2.1 Aerobic Respiration
2.1.1 uses oxygen to release energy from food
2.1.2 releases a large amount of energy
2.1.3 used by most animals and plants
2.1.4 Food + Oxygen → Energy + Carbon Dioxide + Water
2.1.5 Products
2.1.5.1 Carbon Dioxide
2.1.5.2 Water
2.2 Anaerobic Respiration
2.2.1 Does not require the use of oxygen to release energy from food
2.2.2 Releases a small amount of energy
2.2.3 Takes place in a fungus called yeast
2.2.4 Also called fermentation
3 The Human Breathing System

Annotations:

  • [Image: http://www.teachpe.com/images/respiratory_system.jpg]
3.1 Nose
3.1.1 Inhales air
3.2 Larynx
3.2.1 Contains vocal chords which allow speech
3.3 Trachea
3.3.1 made of cartilage
3.3.2 allows air to pass to and from the lungs
3.4 Bronchus
3.4.1 Each bronchus takes air to or from a single lung
3.5 Bronchioles
3.5.1 Carry air to and from the alveoli
3.6 Alveolus
3.6.1 each alveolus exchanges gases with the bloodstream
3.7 Diaphragm
3.7.1 a muscle that moves air in or out of the lungs
4 Differences between Inhaled and Exhaled Air
4.1 Inhaled air contains:
4.1.1 more oxygen than exhaled air
4.1.1.1 21% v. 16%
4.1.2 less carbon dioxide than exhaled air
4.1.2.1 0.04% v. 4%
4.1.3 Less water vapour than exhaled air
4.1.4 same nitrogen concentration as exhaled air
5 The Effects of Smoking
5.1 Damages the health of the baby in the womb
5.2 Increases mucous in breathing system
5.3 Leads to more lung infections
5.4 Causes lung (and other) cancers
5.5 Increases the risk of heart attacks
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Biological Molecules Definitions
siobhan.quirk
The Circulatory System
Shane Buckley
BIOLOGY HL DEFINITIONS IB
Luisa Mandacaru
Biology B1.1 - Genes
raffia.khalid99
IB Biology Topic 4 Genetics (SL)
roberto_spacey
Biology- Genes and Variation
Laura Perry
Biology- Genes, Chromosomes and DNA
Laura Perry
GCSE AQA Biology 1 Quiz
Lilac Potato
Enzymes and Respiration
I Turner
Using GoConqr to study science
Sarah Egan
Biology AQA 3.1.3 Osmosis and Diffusion
evie.daines