Softwares

maryamxjay
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A-Level ICT Mind Map on Softwares, created by maryamxjay on 05/13/2014.

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maryamxjay
Created by maryamxjay over 5 years ago
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Softwares
1 Word Processing
1.1 All word processing applications allow you to: enter and edit text, save, print, cut/copy/paste, check your spelling and format text.
1.1.1 Formatting includes: change font type and size, change the alignment of text, bold text, underline text, italicise text, create bulleted or numbered lists.
1.1.1.1 This makes reading word processing documents easier and more appealing to the eyes.
1.2 Mail Merging
1.2.1 A feature that allows users to personalise letters with names and addresses from a database
1.2.2 it’s a very fast way to produce hundreds of personalised letters
1.2.3 The database that provides the information for the mail merge letter must be kept up to date if it is going to be used
2 Programming Languages
2.1 Specially written code used for writing applications
2.1.1 High level languages have been developed to be a little like a human language
2.1.1.1 Like C++ and Java
2.1.2 Low level language such as Machine Code, or Assembly Language
2.1.2.1 Low level languages run very fast.
3 Presentation Software
3.1 Contain any mixture of text, images, video, animations, links and sound for presentational purposes.
4 Operating Systems
4.1 Real-time processing ; reacts within a guaranteed time to an input.
4.2 Multi-programming ; several programs appear to be running at once.
4.3 Batch processing ; programs or data are collected together in a batch and processed in one go.
4.4 Interactive processing ; the opposite of batch processing.
4.5 Multi-tasking ; multiple tasks run concurrently, taking turns using the resources of the computer.
4.6 Multi-access or multi-user
5 User Interfaces
5.1 The method by which the user and the computer exchange information and instructions
5.1.1 Like...
5.1.1.1 Command-line
5.1.1.1.1 Allows users to interact with the computer by typing in commands.
5.1.1.2 Menu Driven
5.1.1.2.1 The user is offered a simple menu from which to choose an option. One menu often leads to a further menu.
5.1.1.3 Graphical User Interfaces
5.1.1.3.1 Pointing a mouse at an icon representing an option
6 Graphic Software
6.1 The range of pictures, drawings and images which can be produced by a computer.
6.1.1 E.g. Programme.. painting, drawing, photo editing and CAD
6.2 JPG – small file size, used by cameras and for images on the internet.
6.3 GIF – small file size, used on the internet for images that have large blocks of colour.
6.4 PNG – small to medium file size, designed to replace GIF.
6.5 BMP – large file size
6.6 TIFF – very large file size, primarily used in the print industry
6.7 Can be used to edit pictures.
7 Desktop Publishing
7.1 DTP applications allow users to create page layouts using text and pictures

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