1.1.1 The three main
known as the
22.214.171.124.1 Brahma is the Creator
126.96.36.199.1 Vishnu is the Protector
188.8.131.52.1 Shiva is the Destroyer
1.2 Sanatana Dharma
1.2.1 This is the name that Hindus give to their
184.108.40.206 It means the Eternal Religion of
1.3.1 Gods or Goddesses
1.3.2 Hindus have one true God - the
Supreme Spirit, known as Brahman
220.127.116.11 But he is seen in many different forms
18.104.22.168.1 He is often represented by the symbol of Om
22.214.171.124 There are three main aspects of
Brahman called Trimurti
1.4.1 Dharma is one's morality and virtue.
It is the way in which one should
1.5 Supreme Spirit
1.5.1 Hindus have one God,
known as the Supreme
Spirit or Brahman
1.6.1 The cycle of rebirth until Moksha
1.7.1 Moksha is the
release from the
cycle of rebirth. It all
relies on Karma.
1.8.1 Action = Reaction
1.9.1 Gandhi used non-violent ways of making India independent
126.96.36.199 He conducted peaceful
protests/marches across India
188.8.131.52 He used the press to his
advantage to make the British
rule look bad in front of the
184.108.40.206.1 He made the British look violent and opressive
220.127.116.11 He encouraged Indians not to rely on the
British for items like clothing and food
1.10.1 Teaches Hindus to be
determined, and have a positive
1.10.2 Rama, prince of Ayodhya, won the hand of the
beautiful princess Sita (seen here), but was exiled with
her and his brother Laksmana for 14 years through the
plotting of his stepmother. In the forest Sita was
abducted by Ravana, and Rama gathered an army of
monkeys and bears to search for her. The allies
attacked Lanka, killed Ravana, and rescued Sita. In
order to prove her chastity, Sita entered fire, but was
vindicated by the gods and restored to her husband.
After the couple's triumphant return to Ayodhya,
Rama's righteous rule (Ram-raj) inaugurated a golden
age for all mankind.
1.11.1 These are the most ancient religious
texts which define truth for Hindus.
18.104.22.168 Vedic texts belong to the shruti, which
means hearing. For hundreds, maybe even
thousands of years, the texts were passed on orally.
22.214.171.124.1.1 They are the books believed to be revealed to wise men by God
126.96.36.199.1.2 Written in Sanskrit and only read by very few people
188.8.131.52.2 There are four Vedas
184.108.40.206.2.1 Rig Veda
220.127.116.11.2.2 Sama Veda
18.104.22.168.2.2.1 Words which could be
set to music - Chants
22.214.171.124.2.3 Yajur Veda
126.96.36.199.2.3.1 Collection of special words
188.8.131.52.2.4 Athava Veda
184.108.40.206.2.4.1 Instructions and guidance for life: magic charms, herbs
for illnesses, spells for getting rid of evil, weddings and
220.127.116.11.3.1 Also holy books, that are translated for everyone to
read. Contains stories such as the Mahabhatra, which
teach life lessons.
1.12.1 Puja is the prayer ritual
performed to worship a God.
2.1 The Eightfold Path
2.1.1 The way Buddhist should live their life.
18.104.22.168 Right View
22.214.171.124 Right Intention
126.96.36.199 Right Speech
188.8.131.52 Right Action
184.108.40.206 Right Livelihood
220.127.116.11 Right Effort
18.104.22.168 Right Mindfulness
22.214.171.124 Right Contemplation
2.2.1 Meditation is a way to quiet the
126.96.36.199.1 Concentration, in which the mind
focuses on a mental object (e.g., looking
at a candle flame, counting or noticing
one's breaths with eye's closed, reciting a
chant or mantra with one's mind on the
sound, or visualizing certain processes in
the body, like the flow of energy).
188.8.131.52.1 Mindfulness, (sometimes referred to
as awareness) in which the mind
observes itself (e.g., sitting in
meditation or doing a simple task
while noticing when one hears a
sound, feels a sensation or has a
thought arise, without following the
thought and becoming distracted).
184.108.40.206 It helps to lead to enlightenment
2.3.1 Everything is always changing and
everything depends on something
the truth, meaning
he was enlightened.
2.4.2 He was tempted women and frightened by
animals, but he did not stray from his
quest to find truth.
2.4.3 He began to see everything
differently, so then was
2.4.4 Everyone thought that Siddhartha had failed.
He left his family and wealth, but with no out
2.4.5 Overdoing things does not
lead to satisfaction.
220.127.116.11 Craving will not lead to satisfaction,
but to suffering.
2.5.1 Being born again until Nirvana
2.6.1 Suffering: everything has to die
and life can never completely
2.7.1 Nobody stays the same:
we are constantly growing
2.8 Four Noble Truths
2.8.1 1. Everyone experiences suffering
2.8.2 2. The cause of suffering is craving
2.8.3 3. Contentment is achieved by not wanting
2.8.4 4. To achieve contentment, follow the Eightfold path
2.9.1 The state of Nature as it is (yathā bhūta)
2.9.2 The Laws of Nature considered
both collectively and individually.
2.9.3 The teaching of the Buddha as
an exposition of the Natural Law
applied to the problem of human