Laura Roche
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Sociology Mind Map on RELIGION, created by Laura Roche on 05/15/2013.

90
1
0
Tags
Laura Roche
Created by Laura Roche over 6 years ago
FUNCTIONALIST ROLE OF EDUCATION
ashiana121
AQA A-Level Sociology: Gender Differences in Education - Internal Factors
Rhiann .
Unit 1 Sociology: Family Types
ArcticCourtney
B2, C2, P2
George Moores
1PR101 2.test - Část 13.
Nikola Truong
CIE A Level Sociology - Religion
Holly Rebecca
Sociology: Crime and Deviance Flash cards
Beth Morley
Sociology - Crime and Deviance - Feminists
josaul1996
RE Keywords - Paper 1 - Religion and life
Kerris Linney
Sociology- Family and Households Flashcards
Heloise Tudor
RELIGION
1 Religion in a global context
1.1 Religion and economic development
1.1.1 Webb et al- globalisation= rationality= less religion
1.1.2 Religion and economic growth are compatable
1.1.2.1 Nanda- UltraNationalism in India and Hinduism
1.1.2.2 Redding- The spirit of Chinese Capitalism
1.1.2.3 Berger- Pentecostalism in Latin America
1.1.2.4 Lehmann- global and local impact of Pentecostalism
1.2 Religious Fundamentalism
1.2.1 Giddens- Cosmopolitanism
1.2.2 Castells- 2 types of Fundamentalists- reject and project identity
1.2.3 Bruce- Monotheism and Fundamentalism
1.2.4 Evaluation
1.2.4.1 (A02)- Haynes; shouldn't narrowly focus on Islamic Fundamentalism
1.2.4.2 (A02)- Beckford
1.2.4.2.1 1. distinguish too sharply between Cosmapolitanism and Fundamentalists.
1.2.4.2.2 2. 'fixated Fundamnetalism'
1.2.4.2.3 3. Lumps all types of Fudamentalism together
1.3 Cultural Defence
1.3.1 Bruce- examples of Poland and Iran
1.4 Religion and the clash of civilisations
1.4.1 Huntongton- sees global conflicts as intensified by the collapse of communism
1.4.1.1 (A02)- Jackson; Huntington's work is based on Orientalism- stereotypes
1.4.1.2 (A02)- Horrie and Chipingdale- generalises too much
1.4.1.3 (A02)- Inglehart and Norris- sexuality is the main cause of cultural divide
2 Theories of religion
2.1 Definitions
2.1.1 Substantive (Weber), Functional (Durkheim) and Social Constructionist (Aldridge)
2.2 Functionalists
2.2.1 (A01) Durkheim- collective conscience, sacred and profane and totemism
2.2.2 (A02) Worsley Durkheim is overly positive
2.2.3 Other functions- (A01)
2.2.3.1 Parsons- values and meaning
2.2.3.2 Mauss- conceptualisation and categorisation
2.2.3.3 Malinowski- psychological funtions
2.2.3.4 Bellah- civil religions
2.3 Marxists
2.3.1 Karl Marx (A01)- Mechanism of social control
2.3.2 Bruce- (A02- positive) New Christian Right
2.3.3 (A02) Criticisms
2.3.3.1 Althusser- alienation/ view is unscientific and romantic
2.3.3.2 Hamilton- only gives uses of religion- no specific defintion
2.4 Feminists
2.4.1 (A01) Means of oppression
2.4.1.1 Religious organisations-Armstrong
2.4.1.2 Sacred Texts
2.4.1.3 Religious Laws and Customs- Woodhead
2.4.1.4 Places of Worship- Holm
2.4.1.5 (A01) Other Feminist resarch
2.4.1.5.1 Woodhead- Muslim veil as a symbol of liberaion in the public and private sphere
2.4.1.5.2 Watson- interviews with 3 Muslim women
2.4.1.5.3 El Saadawi- male interpretation and female genital mutilation
2.4.2 (A02) evaluation
2.4.2.1 Marxists- conservative, oppressive force upon WC- class not gender focused
2.4.2.2 Functionalists- consensus theory
2.4.2.3 Different Feminist views- Radical Feminists; Daly
2.4.2.4 Post Modernism- change is possible eg: ordination of women
3 Religion and Social change
3.1 Religion a a conservative force
3.1.1 Functionalists, Marxists and Feminists
3.2 Weber- religion as a souce for change
3.2.1 (A01)- Asceticism, this worldly orientation, capitalism
3.2.2 (A02)
3.2.2.1 Kautsky- overestimates the role of ideas & underestimates economic factors
3.2.2.2 Tawney-Technological factors
3.2.2.3 Marshall- Switzerland & lack of investment
3.3 Religion and social protest
3.3.1 Bruce- The Civil Rights Movement
3.3.2 (A02)- New Christian Right
3.4 Marxism, religion and change
3.4.1 Maduro- Liberation Theology
3.4.2 Engels & Bloch- Religion's dual character
3.4.3 Gramsci- Hegemony
4 Secularisation
4.1 Secularisation in Britain
4.1.1 Church attendance figures- Davie; believing without belonging
4.2 Explanations of secularisation
4.2.1 Functionalism
4.2.1.1 Durkheim- growth of individualism undermines CC
4.2.2 Marxism
4.2.2.1 Introduction of socialism=SEC.
4.2.3 Weber- rationalisation and disenchantment
4.2.4 Parsons- Structural Differentiation
4.2.5 Bruce- technologcal Worldview
4.2.6 Bruce- social and cultural diversity
4.2.6.1 (A02)- Aldridge; Pentecostalists
4.2.7 Berger- religious diversity
4.2.7.1 (A02)- Beckford- diversity doesnt inevitably lead to SEC.
4.3 Secularisation in America
4.3.1 Wilson- 45% churchgoers in 1965
4.3.2 Bruce- 3 examples
4.4 Evaluation of Secularisation
4.4.1 Church attendance figures
4.4.2 Lyon- Re-enchantment of the world
4.4.3 Bruce- cultural defence and transition
4.4.4 Heelas and Woodhead- Kendal project & spiritual revolution
4.4.5 Fundamentalism- Kepel and Islam
5 Religion, renewal and choice
5.1 Post Modernity and Religion
5.1.1 Davie- beliveing without belonging
5.1.1.1 (A02)- Bibby; Canadian survey
5.1.1.2 (A02)- Voas and Crockett- reject
5.1.1.3 (A02)- Bruce; support
5.1.2 Hervieu- Leger- Cultural Amnesia and Spiritual Shopping
5.1.3 Lyon
5.1.3.1 1. The relocation of religion
5.1.3.2 2. Religious Consumerism- 'pick and mix' & hyperreality
5.1.3.3 3. Re-Enchantment of the world
5.1.3.3.1 (A02)- Lyon;s research isnt extensive
5.1.3.3.2 (A02)- Bruce supports
5.2 Existential security Theory
5.2.1 Norris and Inglehart
5.2.1.1 (A02) Gill and Lundegaarde- support
5.2.1.2 (A02)- Vasquez- criticises quantitative data
5.3 Religious market theory
5.3.1 Stark and Bainbridge- SEC= constant cycle of revival and renewal
5.3.1.1 (A02)- Beckford; unsociable as it assumes people are religious
6 Ideology and Science
6.1 Science as a belief system
6.1.1 (A01)- Comte; chronological stages of belief
6.1.1.1 1. The theological stage 2. the metaphysical stage 3. The Positive stage
6.1.2 Popper- Falsification
6.1.3 Merton- CUDOS norms
6.1.4 Horton- closed belief systems
6.1.4.1 support- Pritchard; Azande tribe
6.1.4.2 Kuhn- closed belief systems- science is socially constructed
6.1.4.3 Woolgar-science is subjective
6.2 Ideology
6.2.1 (Marxism) Mannheim- Ideological throught and Utopian thought
6.2.1.1 Gramsci- Working class ideology will overthrow Capitalism and end hegemony
6.2.1.1.1 (A02)- Marxism assumes people are passive
6.2.2 Ideology and Feminism
6.2.2.1 Marks- female exclusion from education
6.2.2.2 (A02)- Feminism itself is an ideology
7 Organisations, movements and members
7.1 Types of religious organisations
7.1.1 Wallis- 3 types of NRMs
7.1.1.1 (A02)- Stark and Bainbridge
7.2 Explaining the growth of religious movements
7.2.1 3 main reasons for the trend in NRMs
7.2.1.1 1. Marginality- Troeltsh/Weber/Wallis
7.2.1.2 2. Relative deprivation- Glock and Stark
7.2.1.3 3. Social Change- Wilson, Bellah, Bruce
7.2.1.3.1 ALSO- disenchantment of the world (Weber), status frustration, Wallis
7.2.2 Reasons NRMs are short lived- Barker/Aldridge
7.2.3 Post Modernity & New Age
7.2.3.1 Drane- answers away from meta-narratives
7.2.3.2 Heelas and Woodhead- Kendal Project
7.2.3.3 Bruce- argues New Age is late stage of modernity not PM
7.2.3.3.1 Heelas- sees the New Age and Modern society linked in 4 ways
7.2.4 The growth and Characteristics of the New Age
7.2.4.1 Heelas- 2 common themes; self-spirituality and detraditionalisation
7.2.4.2 Other Explanations
7.2.4.2.1 Aldridge- sects can become denominations
7.2.4.2.2 Wilson- denomination or death of a sect is not only option
7.2.4.2.3 Stark and Bainbridge- The Sectarian cycle
7.3 Religiosity and social groups
7.3.1 Gender
7.3.1.1 Bruce- twice as many women in sects
7.3.1.1.1 Miller and Hoffman- socialisation and gender role
7.3.1.1.2 Stark and Bainbridge- compensation for deprivation
7.3.1.1.3 Brown- New Age responds to female's want for autonomy
7.3.1.2 Heelas and Woodhead- women of the New Age; 80% women in Holistic Milieu
7.3.2 Ethnicity
7.3.2.1 Bruce/ Bird- cultural defence
7.3.2.2 Herberg/Modood- cultural transition
7.3.2.3 Johal- social identity
7.3.3 Age
7.3.3.1 Lynch- expanded spiritual marketplace
7.3.3.2 Davie- the privatisation of religion
7.3.3.3 2 main explanations- Ageing and the generational effect
7.3.3.3.1 Gill- religion not longer taught

Media attachments