Short Term Psychological Preparation

JCL
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Mind Map on Short Term Psychological Preparation, created by JCL on 05/16/2013.

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JCL
Created by JCL over 6 years ago
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Short Term Psychological Preparation
1 MOTIVATION AND STRESS CONTROL
2 Research into sports psychology and successful performances suggests that the best performers tend to have: • higher levels of self-confidence • more task-oriented focus • control over their anxiety levels • more determination and commitment.
3 Bandura (1977) developed the principle of self-efficacy, suggesting that self-confidence is often specific to a particular situation. Bandura believed that a performer’s self-efficacy is influenced by four factors.
3.1 Performance accomplishments
3.2 Vicarious experience – this refers to performances we have observed before
3.3 Verbal persuasion – if significant others can encourage and support a performer
3.4 Emotional arousal – how a performer feels about their level of arousal can affect their confidence level.
4 ANXIETY & AROUSAL - The ability to deal with pressure is vital for success in sport. When a performer freezes or ‘chokes’ at the vital moment, anxiety is usually the cause.
4.1 Anxiety is said to have three dimensions:
4.1.1 • cognitive – worry and negative feelings about your own performance
4.1.2 somatic – physiological symptoms such as raised heart rate, increased perspiration, shortness of breath
4.1.3 behavioural – experiencing tension, agitation and restlessness.
4.2 Sports performers can suffer from two types of anxiety linked to performance:
4.2.1 • state anxiety – which is situation-specific and can be liked to a particular role (such as penalty-taking), place, or level of competition
4.2.2 • trait anxiety – which is a general and enduring feeling of apprehension.
5 EFFECTS ON PERFORMANCE
5.1 The inverted U - as arousal increases so does performance until a certain level, after that performance decreases.
5.2 Drive theory - a proportional linear relationship, the higher the arousal the higher the performance.
5.3 The Catastrophe model - arousal and high performance is dependant on cognitive anxiety.
5.4 The Processing efficiency theory - affected by anxiety rather than task effectiveness.
5.5 Choking - concerns with other peoples think about their performances.
6 strategies to prevent anxiety and choking.
6.1 set achievable goals
6.2 use imagery
6.3 relaxation techniques
6.4 use music prior to comp.
6.5 use cue utilisation
6.6 self talk

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