IB HL Music: Renaissance Era (1450-1600)

Mind Map by mcgowan-w-10, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by mcgowan-w-10 over 5 years ago


Mind Map on IB HL Music: Renaissance Era (1450-1600), created by mcgowan-w-10 on 05/28/2014.

Resource summary

IB HL Music: Renaissance Era (1450-1600)
1 Composers
1.1 Josquin des Prez (1450-1521)
1.1.1 Early-Mid
1.2 Giovanni da Palestrina (1525-1594)
1.2.1 Late
1.3 Guillaume Du Fay (1397-1474)
1.3.1 Very Early
2 Compositions
2.1 Sacred
2.1.1 Early Renaissance Mass Concentrated on Ordinary Polyphonic settings Based on fragment of Gregorian Chant cantus firmus (fixed melody) Helped unify mass amongst polyphony Requiem Mass Proper "Dies irae" - evocation of Last Judgement Du Fay - Cantus Firmus Mass Well-defined melodies Fuller harmonies taken from Gregorian Chant or popular song L'homme arme Mass More bare chords Melody in upper voices A Cappella
2.1.2 Motet - des Prez Explored voices and different textures - homorhythm Single Latin text for Mass
2.1.3 Late Renaissance Mass Counter-Reformation: Catholicism Restriction on instrumentation Restriction on use of popular songs as cantus firms Restriction on embellished melodies Palestrina - "Pope Marcellus Mass"
2.2 Secular
2.2.1 Chanson French Through-composed Mille Regretz - des Prez Il est bel et bon - Pasereau Mixture of homophonic + polyphonic
2.2.2 Frottola El Grillo - des Prez Mostly homophonic Italian
2.2.3 German Lied Innsbruch ich muss dich lassen Usually strophic Each verse has same music Accompanied by a consort of viols
2.2.4 Villancico Spanish Oy comamos y bebamos - Encina
2.2.5 Italian Madrigal Ecco mormorar l'onde - Monteverdi Through composed Mostly polyphonic Much word painting
2.2.6 English Madrigal fa la la refrain Much word painting
2.2.7 Instrumental Music Fashioned from chansons + madrigals No particular instrumentation Rondes Binary form with embellishments in repeats Round dance, performed outside Precursor to fully instrumental Pavane Saltarello - jumping dance Galliard - more vig. Saltarello Allemande - German, popular during Bach's time Tielman Susato: Danserye variety of popular dance music
3 Context
3.1 Sacred
3.1.1 Rise in worship of Virgin Mary Rise in Motets
3.1.2 Late Renaissance Mass Counter-Reformation (1530s - 1600) Countered Protestant revolt led by Martin Luther Rise of Council of Trent (1545-1563) Regulated every aspect of religious discipline Restricted church music No embellishments to chants Restriction on instruments Restricted popular songs in Masses Irreverent attitude of church musicians Giovanni da Pierluigi da Palestrina answered demands of Council of Trent Pope Marcellus Mass A cappella, homorhythmic + polyphonic textures
3.2 Secular
3.2.1 Professionals Played in courts and festivities Rise of women playing music
3.2.2 Amateurs Music in homes lutes or keyboard instruments Study of music considered proper for girls (less for boys)
3.2.3 Poetry Chanson Madrigal Petrarch (1304-1374) Pierre de Ronsard (1524-1585) Helped to shape musical forms
3.2.4 Dance Music Printing press made music more available Venice, Paris, Antwerp Often simplified vocal works
3.3 Instrumentation
3.3.1 Basically the same as in medieval times More available/accessible
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