Chicken Production

Kate Williams
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

University Large Animal Management (Chicken Work) Mind Map on Chicken Production, created by Kate Williams on 05/17/2013.

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Kate Williams
Created by Kate Williams over 6 years ago
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Chicken Production
1 Broiler
1.1 No meat birds in cages!
1.2 35-43 days to get to table weight
1.3 Hybrid birds
1.4 Breeding Programmes for rapid growin males and breeder females
1.5 Males = Better FCR. Portions!
1.6 Housing= completely controlled
1.6.1 Continuous light 2 days, only 4 hours dark at once
1.6.2 Keep birds in thermoneutral zone
1.6.3 Spot Brooding and Whole House Brooding
1.6.4 Virgin White Wood Shavings
1.7 Nipple Drinker - Vitamin C added, start height low then rise
1.8 70% of cost = food! - Starter, Grower and Finisher Feeds (25 days on finisher)
2 Egg Birds
2.1 Medium hybris cross bred brown bird
2.2 Enriched Cage (best system) - 1st Jan 2012 legally
2.3 Barn = 9 birds/sq m. 15cm perch
2.4 Free Range =2500 birds/ha
2.5 Organic = eggs not birds!
2.6 Females reared for 18 weeks - 3 vaccines given here
2.6.1 Reared to 1.6kg (1.65 free range - transfer, lose condition)
2.6.1.1 Transfer, should be 1 day. 3rd salmonella vacc. 15 hours of light/day
2.7 280-300 eggs/hen/year
2.7.1 Hen Housed Average = No. eggs from shed divided by no. birds first placed in shed
2.8 Layer feed=higher in energy, add oil to feed=larger eggs
2.8.1 Consumption increase to 35% to peak lay
2.8.2 Calcium and Phosphorous - improve shell strength, prevent osteoperosis
2.8.3 Sodium + Chloride = improve shell quality, prevent cannibalism and weakening
2.9 Lighting duration affects onset of sexual maturity. Production house - more duration than rearing

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