CRITICAL THINKING

Ingris Yesseenia  Serna Galindo
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Mind Map on CRITICAL THINKING, created by Ingris Yesseenia Serna Galindo on 07/15/2017.

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Ingris Yesseenia  Serna Galindo
Created by Ingris Yesseenia Serna Galindo over 2 years ago
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CRITICAL THINKING
1 WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING? Is the ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe.
2 CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS A person with critical thinking skills is able to do the following:
2.1 Understand the logical connections between ideas.
2.2 Identify, construct and evaluate arguments.
2.3 detect inconsistencies and common mistakes in reasoning.
2.4 Solve problems systematically.
2.5 Dentify the relevance and importance of ideas.
2.6 Reflect on the justification of one's own beliefs and values.
3 IMPORTANCE OF CRITICAL THINKING. Critical thinking is important in:
3.1 Foundation the science and democracy.
3.1.1 The proper functioning of a democracy makes citizens think critically about social issues.
3.2 Promotes creativity
3.2.1 To come up with a creative solution to a problem.
3.3 Is crucial for self-reflection
3.3.1 To live a meaningful life and structure our lives accordingly, we need to justify and reflect on our values and decisions.
3.4 New knowledge economy
3.5 Improves language ability and presentation
3.5.1 Thinking clearly and systematically can improve the way we express our ideas.
3.6 Offers an ability to think clearly and rationally.
4 IMPROVE OUR THINKING SKILLS Critical thinking is a higher level cognitive ability that involves thinking about thinking.
4.1 Three critical components are needed to improve critical thinking skills.
4.1.1 THEORY
4.1.1.1 If we want to think correctly, we must follow the correct rules of reasoning.
4.1.1.2 The basic principles of critical thinking, such as the laws of logic, methods of scientific reasoning, etc.
4.1.2 PRACTICE
4.1.2.1 There are two ways of internalizing theoretical principles.
4.1.2.1.1 One is to do a lot of good quality exercises like discussion and discussions with other people in everyday life
4.1.2.1.2 The other method is to think more deeply about the principles we have acquired in the human mind, memory and understanding are acquired through the creation of connections between ideas.
4.1.3 ATTITUDES
4.1.3.1 The following attitudes are an obstacle to critical thinking
4.1.3.1.1 I prefer being given the correct answers rather than figuring them out myself.
4.1.3.1.2 I don't like to think a lot about my decisions as I rely only on gut feelings.
4.1.3.1.3 I don't usually review the mistakes I have made.
4.1.3.1.4 I don't like to be criticized.
4.1.3.1.5 To improve our critical thinking we must recognize that reflecting on the reasons for belief and action is important
5 FAMOUS QUOTES
5.1 Absence of thought is indeed a powerful factor in human affairs, statistically speaking the most powerful, not just in the conduct of the many but in the conduct of all. - Hannah Arendt
5.2 The aim of education should be to teach us rather how to think, than what to think -- rather to improve our minds, so as to enable us to think for ourselves, than to load the memory with thoughts of other men. - Bill Beattie
5.3 To study and not think is futile. To think and not study is dangerous. - Confucius
5.4 Anyone who has begun to think, places some portion of the world in jeopardy. - John Dewey
5.5 Reading without reflecting is like eating without digesting. - Edmund Burke