6.3 Defence Against Infectious Disease

Steve Harton
Mind Map by Steve Harton, updated more than 1 year ago
Steve Harton
Created by Steve Harton almost 6 years ago
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DP IB Biology (06 Human Physiology) Mind Map on 6.3 Defence Against Infectious Disease, created by Steve Harton on 06/03/2014.
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6.3 Defence Against Infectious Disease
1 NATURE OF SCIENCE
1.1 Risks associated with scientific research
1.1.1 Florey and Chain's tests on the safety of penicillin would not be compliant with current protocol on testing
1.1.1.1 Test penicillin on bacterial infections on mice
2 BLOOD CLOTTING
2.1 Cuts in the skin are sealed by blood clotting
2.1.1 Clotting factors are released from platelets
2.1.1.1 The cascade results in the rapid conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin by thrombin
2.2 Causes and consequences of blood clot formation in coronary arteries
3 SPECIFIC VS NON-SPECIFIC IMMUNITY
3.1 Non-specific
3.1.1 Skin and mucous membranes form a primary defence
3.1.1.1 Phagocytosis
3.2 Specific
3.2.1 Lymphocytes
3.2.1.1 T cells
3.2.1.2 B Cells
3.2.1.2.1 Plasma B cells
3.2.1.2.1.1 Antibodies
3.2.1.2.2 Memory B cells
4 ANTIBIOTICS
4.1 Block processes that occur in prokaryotic cells but not in eukaryotic cells
4.1.1 Some strains of bacteria have evolved with genes that confer resistance to antibiotics and some strains of bacteria have multiple resistance
4.1.1.1 Aim 9
4.1.1.1.1 Science has limited means in the fight against pathogens
4.2 Viruses lack a metabolism and cannot therefore be treated with antibiotics
5 HIV
5.1 Effects on the immune system
5.1.1 Reduction in the number of active lymphocytes
5.1.2 Loos of the ability to produce antibodies
5.1.2.1 AIDS
5.2 Methods of transmission
6 INTERNATIONAL-MINDEDNESS
6.1 The spread and containment of diseases such as bird flu
7 Vaccination
7.1 Aim 8
7.1.1 The social as well as the economic benefits of the control of bacterial diseases around the world
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