Case study: The London Docklands

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Geography Mind Map on Case study: The London Docklands, created by glhoward13 on 06/11/2014.

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Case study: The London Docklands
1.1 WHERE?
1.1.1 London Docklands, The Isle of Dogs, East London, UK
1.2 WHEN?
1.2.1 1981, work started,1998, work completed.
1.3 WHY?
1.3.1 Ships were becoming too big for the docks, lots of competition, manufacturers moved elsewhere to cheaper places. The UDC wanted to make the contaminated, depressed docklands an attractive place to live and work.
1.4 WHO?
1.4.1 Urban Development Corporations. UDC's= Large scale projects that uses both public and private investments to regenerate brownfield land in inner city areas.
1.5.1 Private = £7.7 billion
1.5.2 Public (government) = £1.86 billion
2 Improvements in the community
2.1 Money invested in health care centres.
2.2 New schools built including 11 primary and 2 senior schools, 3 collages and 9 vocational training centres.
2.3 £100 million spent on health, education and job training.
2.4 Shopping centre built with more than 30 shops.
2.5 Sailing and waterspouts club centre built.
3 Improvements in housing
3.1 24,046 new homes built, 19% rented homes the rest private ownership.
3.2 Many expensive apartments which were sought after.
3.3 The house price boom in the 1980s and the 1990s meant middle class citizens with money to spend were attracted to the area.
3.4 £10 million spent on improving council and housing association homes.
4 Improvements in the economy
4.1 2,700 businesses trading in the area.
4.2 £7.7 billion in private sector investment.
4.3 Attraction of financial and high-tech firms.
4.4 Tv studios and newspapers' offices there (e.g.: The guardian)
5 Improvements in the environment
5.1 Network of pedestrian and cycle routes.
5.2 Creation of pedestrian bridges.
5.3 17 conservation areas set up.
5.4 Planted 200,000 trees.
5.5 Received awards for landscaping, architecture and conservation.
6 Improvements in Jobs
6.1 120,000 jobs created
6.2 Employment rates in area doubled.
6.3 Bigger range of work available.
7 Downsides
7.1 The 'improvements' didn't benefit the original locals of East London.
7.2 Locals protested against the LDDC
7.2.1 Lots of anti LDDC graffiti.
7.3 Locals unable to afford new expensive homes.
7.4 New jobs available require skills the old dock workers lack.
7.5 Newcomers into Canary Wharf didn't mix or share 'community spirit' with the original locals.
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