Created by jodiebawden1 over 5 years ago
Completely new words:COINAGE
Words from other languages:BORROWINGAmericanisms, Prince (French), Lager (German), Alcohol(Arabic).
Words formed from existing words: AFFIXINGThis involves adding prefixes or suffixes to existing words to form new words.COMPOUNDINGWhen words are combined to form new words: blackbird or laptopBLENDINGOnly parts of words are joined together: smog or motel
Words formed by shortening:ABBREVIATIONBACK FORMATIONACRONYMS INITIALISMSWORDS FROM NAMES
Losing words from the lexiconARCHAISMSenouw - enough, forsooth - in truth, bark - ship.
BROADENINGA word retains its old meanings, but takes on new meanings as well.
NARROWINGA word becomes more specific in its meaning.
AMELIORATIONWhen the meaning of a word becomes more pleasant or positive.
PEJORATIONWhen the meaning of a word becomes less favorable.
WEAKENINGA word loses force over time
IDIOMSFormed from previously existing words
EUPHEMISMSA mild / inoffensive way way of describing something.
INFLECTIONSVERB inflections usually indicate tense, person or number.NOUN inflections usually show number or gender.ADJECTIVE inflections are used for comparatives and superlatives, as in fast, faster, fastest.
WORD ORDER In comparison to modern English, the expression of meaning was less dependent on word order. As a result, word order showed more variation.
NEGATIVE CONSTRUCTIONSToday, multiple negatives are considered incorrect grammar. In the late 19th Century 'not' was added at the end of positive sentences to create irony.
VERB TENSES PAST PRESENT FUTURE SIMPLE CONTINUOUS PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
AUXILIARY VERBSAuxiliary verbs are helping verbs: To be, To have, To doThey go in front of main verbs to: Help create tenses Form questions Form negatives Add emphasis