Theory of international relations Chapter 6-10

Janneke Hulst
Quiz by Janneke Hulst, updated more than 1 year ago
Janneke Hulst
Created by Janneke Hulst over 2 years ago
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Theory of international relations 6-10

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Question 1

Question
The lineage of classical realism is said to have begun with:
Answer
  • Niccolo Machiavelli.
  • Thucydides.
  • Hans Morgenthau.
  • Kenneth Waltz.

Question 2

Question
The code of conduct that state leaders should follow in their foreign affairs is known as:
Answer
  • survival
  • Self-help
  • raison d'être.
  • raison d'état.

Question 3

Question
The condition of the international system, having no overarching central authority above the individual collection of sovereign states, is known as:
Answer
  • anarchy.
  • political community.
  • international system.
  • sovereignty

Question 4

Question
Classical realism represents power politics as a result of:
Answer
  • International relations.
  • state sovereignty
  • human behaviour
  • anarchy

Question 5

Question
Defensive realism proposes that states are generally more concerned with:
Answer
  • security.
  • zero-sum game.
  • absolute gains.
  • relative gains.

Question 6

Question
A branch of modern realism that sees institutions as playing an important role is called:
Answer
  • rational choice realism.
  • neo-classical realism.
  • neo-liberalism.
  • neo-realism.

Question 7

Question
Kenneth Waltz tries to overcome the problem of realism's weak definition of the meaning of power by shifting the focus from power to:
Answer
  • capabilities.
  • relative gains.
  • sovereignty.
  • cooperation.

Question 8

Question
Which of the following is not a pillar of essential realism?
Answer
  • Statism
  • Sovereignty
  • Survival
  • Self-help

Question 9

Question
The idea that the “strong do as they will and the weak accept what they must” comes from:
Answer
  • Schweller.
  • Machiavelli.
  • game theory.
  • Thucydides

Question 10

Question
Kenneth Waltz argues that the key difference between domestic and international orders lies in their:
Answer
  • wealth distribution.
  • ideology.
  • structure.
  • security.

Question 11

Question
Which of the following is not considered a key liberal value?
Answer
  • Tolerance
  • Freedom
  • Order
  • Constitutionalism

Question 12

Question
Liberals see the causes of war located in (amongst others):
Answer
  • anarchy
  • human nature
  • self-determination
  • imperialism

Question 13

Question
In the 1990s Western state leaders proclaimed:
Answer
  • A New World Order
  • the end of History
  • that liberalism was a redundant ideology
  • an age of Realism

Question 14

Question
Liberalism is a theory of both:
Answer
  • freedom and authority.
  • government within states and good governance between them.
  • sovereignty and equality.
  • tolerance and balance of power.

Question 15

Question
The writings of Bentham and Kant contain the seeds of core liberal ideas, particularly that:
Answer
  • nations can get along.
  • wealth is the best means to bring about justice.
  • justice breeds freedom.
  • reason can deliver freedom and justice in international relations.

Question 16

Question
Which of the following is not a definitive article of Kant's 'Perpetual Peace'?
Answer
  • The Civil Constitution of Every State shall be Republican
  • The Democratic Franchise shall be extended to each Citizen Equally
  • The Right of Nations shall be based on a Federation of Free States
  • Cosmopolitan Right shall be limited to Conditions of Universal Hospitality

Question 17

Question
Which word is missing from the following sentence: Richard Cobden's belief that _____ would create a more peaceful world order is a core idea of 19th century liberalism.
Answer
  • freedom
  • justice
  • free trade
  • tolerance

Question 18

Question
What was the primary organ of the Idealist inter-war order?
Answer
  • The League of Nations
  • The United Nations
  • The Concert of Europe
  • The hegemonic influence of the US

Question 19

Question
What concept supposes that liberal states will not go to war with one another?
Answer
  • Sovereign equality of states
  • Balance of power
  • Democratic peace thesis
  • Republican constitutionalism

Question 20

Question
Those liberals who place great importance on the civilizing capacity of global society are often known as:
Answer
  • classical liberals.
  • neo-liberals.
  • reform liberals.
  • radical liberals.

Question 21

Question
For neo-liberal institutionalists, the core research question is:
Answer
  • to understand the role of non-state actors in globalization.
  • how to promote cooperation in an anarchic, competitive international system.
  • how to assess the relative capabilities of the Great Powers.
  • how to design effective international institutions.

Question 22

Question
For neo-realists, the most critical problem presented by anarchy is:
Answer
  • survival
  • conflict
  • cheating
  • security

Question 23

Question
Defensive neo-realists suggest that our assumptions of a state's relations with other states depend on:
Answer
  • their status within the international system.
  • whether or not they are liberal states.
  • their relative capabilities.
  • their security.

Question 24

Question
For offensive neo-realists, the most important thing to states is:
Answer
  • absolute power.
  • security
  • relative power
  • sovereignty

Question 25

Question
For 'security neo-realists', the 2003 Iraq War was unnecessary because:
Answer
  • America had their chance to topple Saddam Hussein in 1991.
  • thousands of civilians would be killed.
  • America was in danger of over-extending itself.
  • containment of Iraq was working effectively.

Question 26

Question
Which of the following is not a variety of contemporary Liberalism?
Answer
  • Constitutional
  • Commercial
  • Republican
  • Sociological

Question 27

Question
The roots of neo-liberal institutionalism are found in:
Answer
  • the writings of Immanuel Kant.
  • the functional integration scholarship of the 1940s and 1950s.
  • realism
  • Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points.

Question 28

Question
Neo-liberals believe the greatest obstacle to cooperation among states is:
Answer
  • arms build-up.
  • weak institutions.
  • cheating (non-compliance).
  • cultural and linguistic misunderstandings.

Question 29

Question
The liberal institutional scholarship of the 1970s that suggested that the world had become more pluralistic in terms of actors involved in international interactions is known as:
Answer
  • neo-liberal institutionalism.
  • commercial liberalism.
  • pluralism
  • complex interdependence.

Question 30

Question
While neo-realism and neo-liberalism have a lot in common, neo-realism tends to focus more on:
Answer
  • security and military issues.
  • environmental issues.
  • economic issues.
  • human rights.

Question 31

Question
The vast bulk of Marx’s theoretical efforts consisted of a painstaking analysis of capitalism as a:
Answer
  • world economics system.
  • mode of production.
  • theory of hegemony.
  • tool of emancipation.

Question 32

Question
The scholar who deals with globalization theory is
Answer
  • Rosenberg
  • Waltz
  • Marz
  • Gramsci

Question 33

Question
The Marxist approach is often known as:
Answer
  • Communist theory
  • imperialist doctrine
  • historical materialism
  • the base-superstructure model

Question 34

Question
Modern Marxist analyses of international relations aim to reveal the hidden workings of:
Answer
  • the relations of production.
  • the means of production.
  • the superstructure.
  • global capitalism

Question 35

Question
According to Marx, the central dynamic to be understood is the tension between the means of production and relations of production that together form:
Answer
  • the economic base of a given society.
  • capitalism.
  • the mode of production.
  • the political system of a given society.

Question 36

Question
In the Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels famously argued that ‘the history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of:
Answer
  • war and peace' .
  • class struggle .
  • survival.
  • ideasl

Question 37

Question
Marx was committed to the cause of which of the following?
Answer
  • Communism.
  • The ' global South' .
  • Emancipation.
  • The proletariat.

Question 38

Question
According to Gramsci, the mutually reinforcing and reciprocal relationships between the socio-economic relations and political and cultural practices that together underpin a given order is known as which of the following?
Answer
  • Hegemonic order.
  • World system
  • Mode of production.
  • Historic bloc.

Question 39

Question
According to this chapter, the adoption of neo-liberal policies is the result or an example of:
Answer
  • the effect of capitalims
  • American hegemonic power
  • the core-periphery distinction
  • the theory of contradictions

Question 40

Question
The main body of Critical Theory has emerged from which school of international relations?
Answer
  • The Frankfurt School
  • The Italian School
  • The English School
  • The Oxford University School

Question 41

Question
What term is not generally associated with constructivist thought?
Answer
  • Structuration
  • Individualism
  • Reflectivism
  • Social theory

Question 42

Question
To explain its differences with the ‘neos’, constructivism has sometimes been contrasted with:
Answer
  • rational choice.
  • social theory.
  • individualism and norms.
  • historical materialism.

Question 43

Question
According to constructivists, what shapes the identity and interests of actors such as states?
Answer
  • Normative structure
  • Anarchy
  • Level of capabilities (i.e., military)
  • International treaties and institutions

Question 44

Question
The three stages of the life cycle of norms, according to Finnemore and Sikkink are:
Answer
  • Norm emergence, Norm cascade and Norm internalization.
  • Norm beginning, Norm middle and Norm end.
  • Norm emergence, Norm development and Norm internalization.
  • None of the above is correct.

Question 45

Question
What is the core observation of constructivism?
Answer
  • The constraints of anarchy on the society of states
  • The social construction of reality
  • The constitutive nature of world order
  • The shaping of ideational forces

Question 46

Question
Constructivists argue that knowledge shapes how actors interpret and construct their:
Answer
  • World
  • Norms
  • social reality
  • normative structures

Question 47

Question
______ offered the timeless insight that ‘… we are cultural beings with the capacity and will to take a deliberate attitude toward the world and lend it significance.’
Answer
  • Max Weber
  • John Ruggie
  • Kenneth Walt
  • Alexander Wendt

Question 48

Question
Constitutive theory is a particular sort of:
Answer
  • social theory.
  • critical theory.
  • explanatory theory
  • causal theory

Question 49

Question
Rational choice treats actors as:
Answer
  • social
  • pre-social
  • material
  • ideational.

Question 50

Question
For constructivists, actors follow.
Answer
  • paths determined by strategic interaction
  • the logic of consequences
  • the logic of appropriateness
  • irrational courses of action
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