The lineage of classical realism is said to have begun with:
The code of conduct that state leaders should follow in their foreign affairs is known as:
The condition of the international system, having no overarching central authority above the individual collection of sovereign states, is known as:
Classical realism represents power politics as a result of:
Defensive realism proposes that states are generally more concerned with:
A branch of modern realism that sees institutions as playing an important role is called:
rational choice realism.
Kenneth Waltz tries to overcome the problem of realism's weak definition of the meaning of power by shifting the focus from power to:
Which of the following is not a pillar of essential realism?
The idea that the “strong do as they will and the weak accept what they must” comes from:
Kenneth Waltz argues that the key difference between domestic and international orders lies in their:
Which of the following is not considered a key liberal value?
Liberals see the causes of war located in (amongst others):
In the 1990s Western state leaders proclaimed:
A New World Order
the end of History
that liberalism was a redundant ideology
an age of Realism
Liberalism is a theory of both:
freedom and authority.
government within states and good governance between them.
sovereignty and equality.
tolerance and balance of power.
The writings of Bentham and Kant contain the seeds of core liberal ideas, particularly that:
nations can get along.
wealth is the best means to bring about justice.
justice breeds freedom.
reason can deliver freedom and justice in international relations.
Which of the following is not a definitive article of Kant's 'Perpetual Peace'?
The Civil Constitution of Every State shall be Republican
The Democratic Franchise shall be extended to each Citizen Equally
The Right of Nations shall be based on a Federation of Free States
Cosmopolitan Right shall be limited to Conditions of Universal Hospitality
Which word is missing from the following sentence: Richard Cobden's belief that _____ would create a more peaceful world order is a core idea of 19th century liberalism.
What was the primary organ of the Idealist inter-war order?
The League of Nations
The United Nations
The Concert of Europe
The hegemonic influence of the US
What concept supposes that liberal states will not go to war with one another?
Sovereign equality of states
Balance of power
Democratic peace thesis
Those liberals who place great importance on the civilizing capacity of global society are often known as:
For neo-liberal institutionalists, the core research question is:
to understand the role of non-state actors in globalization.
how to promote cooperation in an anarchic, competitive international system.
how to assess the relative capabilities of the Great Powers.
how to design effective international institutions.
For neo-realists, the most critical problem presented by anarchy is:
Defensive neo-realists suggest that our assumptions of a state's relations with other states depend on:
their status within the international system.
whether or not they are liberal states.
their relative capabilities.
For offensive neo-realists, the most important thing to states is:
For 'security neo-realists', the 2003 Iraq War was unnecessary because:
America had their chance to topple Saddam Hussein in 1991.
thousands of civilians would be killed.
America was in danger of over-extending itself.
containment of Iraq was working effectively.
Which of the following is not a variety of contemporary Liberalism?
The roots of neo-liberal institutionalism are found in:
the writings of Immanuel Kant.
the functional integration scholarship of the 1940s and 1950s.
Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points.
Neo-liberals believe the greatest obstacle to cooperation among states is:
cultural and linguistic misunderstandings.
The liberal institutional scholarship of the 1970s that suggested that the world had become more pluralistic in terms of actors involved in international interactions is known as:
While neo-realism and neo-liberalism have a lot in common, neo-realism tends to focus more on:
security and military issues.
The vast bulk of Marx’s theoretical efforts consisted of a painstaking analysis of capitalism as a:
world economics system.
mode of production.
theory of hegemony.
tool of emancipation.
The scholar who deals with globalization theory is
The Marxist approach is often known as:
the base-superstructure model
Modern Marxist analyses of international relations aim to reveal the hidden workings of:
the relations of production.
the means of production.
According to Marx, the central dynamic to be understood is the tension between the means of production and relations of production that together form:
the economic base of a given society.
the mode of production.
the political system of a given society.
In the Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels famously argued that ‘the history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of:
war and peace' .
class struggle .
Marx was committed to the cause of which of the following?
The ' global South' .
According to Gramsci, the mutually reinforcing and reciprocal relationships between the socio-economic relations and political and cultural practices that together underpin a given order is known as which of the following?
Mode of production.
According to this chapter, the adoption of neo-liberal policies is the result or an example of:
the effect of capitalims
American hegemonic power
the core-periphery distinction
the theory of contradictions
The main body of Critical Theory has emerged from which school of international relations?
The Frankfurt School
The Italian School
The English School
The Oxford University School
What term is not generally associated with constructivist thought?
To explain its differences with the ‘neos’, constructivism has sometimes been contrasted with:
individualism and norms.
According to constructivists, what shapes the identity and interests of actors such as states?
Level of capabilities (i.e., military)
International treaties and institutions
The three stages of the life cycle of norms, according to Finnemore and Sikkink are:
Norm emergence, Norm cascade and Norm internalization.
Norm beginning, Norm middle and Norm end.
Norm emergence, Norm development and Norm internalization.
None of the above is correct.
What is the core observation of constructivism?
The constraints of anarchy on the society of states
The social construction of reality
The constitutive nature of world order
The shaping of ideational forces
Constructivists argue that knowledge shapes how actors interpret and construct their:
______ offered the timeless insight that ‘… we are cultural beings with the capacity and will to take a deliberate attitude toward the world and lend it significance.’