9 History- The Treaty of Versailles

melgallagher
Flashcards by , created about 5 years ago

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melgallagher
Created by melgallagher about 5 years ago
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Question Answer
When was it signed? June 1919
What was the main land Germany lost? Alsace Lorraine given back to France. Eupen and Malmedy given to Belgium. Northern Schleswig given to Denmark. The Saar out under LON control for 15 years. Posen and the Polish Corridor went to Poland, which meant East Prussia was split from the main part of Germany.
What is Anschluss and was it banned? The union between Germany and Austria and it was banned.
What were the main military restrictions? Army limited to 100,000 men. No tanks/aircraft/submarines. The rhineland has to be demilitarised.
What was the war guilt clause? Forced Germany to accept guilt for causing the war
What were the reparations? Looked into the costs/damage caused by Germany. The payment was £6600 million
What is "Diktat"? A "dictated" peace. Germany not allowed to negociate the treaty and the germans believed it was forced upon them.
Significance of the Treaty Of Versailles? Felt it was DIKTAT. Loss of land was massive-10% of total land and 12.5% of their population (Ausland Deutschen). Military restrictions made Germany feel threatened (too small to defend the nation). Reparations were too expensive-couldn't afford them. Germany were humiliated by the war guilt clause.
Strengths of the TOV? Brought peace. Set up League of Nations. Some of it felt reasonable.
Weaknesses of TOV? Left germany with grievances and many parts contradicted Wilson's "14 points". Germany wanted to "right the wrongs" of the TOV (they were angry)