Scientific Benefits Vs. Ethical Costs

Hayd23
Quiz by , created over 6 years ago

A-Levels PY4 (Controversies) Quiz on Scientific Benefits Vs. Ethical Costs, created by Hayd23 on 06/11/2013.

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Created by Hayd23 over 6 years ago
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Question 1

Question
How did Milgram's study on obedience have a long lasting effect on Psychology? (2)
Answer
  • Triggered a large number of subsequent studies
  • Allowed obedience to be studied in schools
  • The replication refine and enhance our understanding of behaviour

Question 2

Question
However, what did Mandel suggest about Milgram's study, and what example did he use?
Answer
  • He claimed that Milgram provided 'an obedience alibi' - His example was 9/11 and the terrorists involved
  • He claimed that Milgram provided 'obedience in small doses' - His example was the Nazi death camps
  • He claimed that Milgram provided 'an obedience alibi' - His example was the Nazi death camps

Question 3

Question
What ethical issues did Milgram's study have?
Answer
  • Psychological harm
  • Extreme physical harm
  • Lack of right to withdraw

Question 4

Question
How did Milgram defend himself?
Answer
  • He did not know prior to the study that high levels of distress would be caused
  • Findings appeared more shocking because they took place in a lab experiment

Question 5

Question
How did Zimbardo show that human behaviour could've been explained?
Answer
  • Situational factors
  • Dispositional factors

Question 6

Question
After how many days did Zimbardo's prison study have to be stopped?
Answer
  • 7 days
  • 2 days
  • 6 days

Question 7

Question
What did Aronson point out about the effects on Zimbardo's participants?
Answer
  • Pointed out that the human body should not have reacted how it did, and that the study should be repeated with different participants
  • Pointed out that humans are actually quite resilient and recover well from such studies
  • Pointed out that humans recover very badly from such studies and that Zimbardo should be hung for what he did

Question 8

Question
What was a big ethical issue with the Case Study of HM?
Answer
  • Protection from harm
  • Right to withdraw
  • Informed consent

Question 9

Question
However...?
Answer
  • HM's soul was in heaven
  • HM's parent's were alive to give consent
  • HM's parent's weren't alive so this is not a however