Cultural Bias in Psychology

Hayd23
Quiz by , created over 6 years ago

A-Levels PY4 (Controversies) Quiz on Cultural Bias in Psychology, created by Hayd23 on 06/13/2013.

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Question 1

Question
What did Takano & Osaka (1999) find when reviewing studies that compared the US and Japan in terms of individualism and collectivism?
Answer
  • Found that 1/14 studies did not support the common view (individualist cultures should conform less)
  • Found that 14/15 studies did not support the common view (individualist cultures should conform less)
  • Found that 14/15 studies did support the common view (individualist cultures should conform less)

Question 2

Question
What is Beta bias?
Answer
  • Ignores or minimises cultural differences
  • Assumes that there are real and enduing differences between cultures

Question 3

Question
What is Ethnocentrism?
Answer
  • Assumes that there are real difference between cultures
  • The use of our own ethnic/cultural group as a basis for judgements about other groups
  • The study of the centre of Ethno

Question 4

Question
True or false: Eurocentrism is a form of Ethnocentrism but the emphasis is on Western/European theores and ideas.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
True of false: Cultural Relativism is the tendency to view the beliefs, customs, and behaviours of our own group as 'normal'
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Smith & Bond (1998) found that __% of studies were American?
Answer
  • 2%
  • 32%
  • 66%

Question 7

Question
Sears (1986) found that __% of participants were undergraduates?
Answer
  • 82%
  • 51%

Question 8

Question
The etic approach assumes that all human behaviour is universal. However, what are the correct definitions for 'DERIVED etic' and 'IMPOSED etic'?
Answer
  • Derived: acknowledges the role of cultural factors and recognises that human behaviour differs from one culture to another Imposed: where cultural influences are ignored
  • Derived: where cultural influences are ignored Imposed: acknowledges the role of cultural factors and recognises that human behaviour differs from one culture to another

Question 9

Question
Psychology needed an alternative view for behaviour, so they turned to indigenous cultures. What are indigenous cultures?
Answer
  • Cultures that are indigo
  • Cultures that dig
  • Native cultures

Question 10

Question
South Africa has a Western individualist conception of psychology, and fails to reflect it's collectivist indigenous culture. What percentage of South African psychologists are white, compared to the percentage of white people in South Africa?
Answer
  • 13% psychologists, 90% white
  • 50% psychologists, 50% white
  • 90% psychologists, 13% white

Question 11

Question
True or false: Afrocentrism suggests values and cultures of Europeans de-value non-European people and are irrelevant to the life and culture of Africa.
Answer
  • Ture
  • False