Pediatric Exam 1_Quiz b

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Pediatric Medicine Quiz on Pediatric Exam 1_Quiz b, created by cmerc18 on 09/24/2014.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which of the following disorders is common in males, between ages 3mo to 5yo?
Answer
  • Croup
  • Bacterial Tracheitis
  • Spasmotic Croup

Question 2

Question
Which of the following disorders is common in ages 6-12 yo?
Answer
  • Epiglottitis
  • Laryngeal Papillomatosis
  • Foreign Body Aspiration

Question 3

Question
Laryngeal Papillomatosis is a warty growth of which HPV strains?
Answer
  • 6
  • 11
  • 16
  • 5

Question 4

Question
Which of the following disorders can be associated with vascular rings and bronchogenic cysts?
Answer
  • Tracheomalacia
  • Larygnomalacia
  • Laryntracheobronchitis

Question 5

Question
Which of the following disorders may present with course wheezing, prolonged expiratory phase, croupy cough, and symptoms that worsen with agitation?
Answer
  • Tracheomalacia
  • Croup
  • Epiglottitis
  • Laryngomalacia

Question 6

Question
Which of the following may lead to LOC, seizures, bradycardia, and death?
Answer
  • Foreign Body Aspiration
  • Asthma
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Tuberculosis

Question 7

Question
Which of the following is a disease of the lower respiratory tract due to inflammation of small airways and is most common in children less than 2 years old?
Answer
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Bronchitis
  • Cystic Fibrosis

Question 8

Question
Which of the following is/are associated with a viral infection of RSV, respiratory syncytial virus?
Answer
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Bronchitis

Question 9

Question
Which of the following disorders typically presents with crackles and high-pitched wheezing?
Answer
  • Bronchitis
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Croup
  • Cystic Fibrosis

Question 10

Question
Cystic Fibrosis is an autosomal recessive disorder of human chromosome 7.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
A pediatric patient presents with a cough, tachypnea, rales, wheezing, exercise intolerance, and clubbing. Which is the most likely diagnosis?
Answer
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Asthma
  • Tuberculosis

Question 12

Question
Which of the following disorders can lead to failure to thrive?
Answer
  • Tuberculosis
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Asthma

Question 13

Question
The prevalence rate of asthma in children less than 18 years old is 5.5-18%
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Which can be differential diagnoses for asthma?
Answer
  • Viral bronchiolitis
  • Aspiration
  • Laryngotracheomalacia
  • Laryncotracheobronchitis

Question 15

Question
A 5 year old female patient presents with wheezing, cough (cough variant asthma), post-tussis emesis, SOB, tachypnea, tachycardia, chest discomfort and congestion. You observe prolonged expiration, flaring, retractions/accessory muscles, flushed-moist skin, agitation & lethargy. What is the likely diagnosis?
Answer
  • Asthma
  • Subglottic stenosis
  • Laryngo Papillomatosis
  • FB aspiration of the upper airway tract

Question 16

Question
Which of the following disorders typically shows an X-ray that has patchy infiltrates, large dense infiltrates, atelectasis, hilar adenopathy or pleural effusion?
Answer
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Chlamydia

Question 17

Question
Which can be differentials for bacterial pneumonia?
Answer
  • bronchiolitis (RSV)
  • CHF
  • Foreign body
  • Asthma

Question 18

Question
Which usually follows a viral upper respiratory infection or an ear infection?
Answer
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia
  • Chlamydial pneumonia

Question 19

Question
Which could be responsible for a viral pneumonia infection?
Answer
  • RSV
  • parainfluenza
  • adenovirus

Question 20

Question
Which of the following is seen in school aged children and presents with insidious onset of headache, malaise, fever, rhinorrhea, sore throat, cough with white frothy sputum, and possibly bullous myringitis?
Answer
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pertussis

Question 21

Question
The following could be differentials for chlamydial pneumonia:
Answer
  • RSV
  • Bacterial, viral, and fungal infections
  • Pertussis
  • Bronchiolitis

Question 22

Question
Which disorder is associated with impaired anatomic defenses, gran negative anaerobes in the mouth and can present with an acute onset of fever, cough, distress, hypoxemia & rales, rhonchi, and decreased breath sounds?
Answer
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Mycoplasma pneumonis

Question 23

Question
Aspiration pneumonia is associated with empyema and lung abscess.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
The following can be differentials for pertussis:
Answer
  • Chlamydia
  • Bacterial and viral (adenovirus & RSV)
  • Tuberculosis
  • Cystic Fibrosis

Question 25

Question
Which of the following typically has a differential diagnosis of a fungal infection?
Answer
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Chlamydial pneumonia
  • Laryngeal Papillomatosis
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