Clinical Anatomy of the Bony Pelvis

Matthew Coulson
Quiz by Matthew Coulson, updated more than 1 year ago
Matthew Coulson
Created by Matthew Coulson almost 3 years ago
2080
1

Description

Clinical anatomy of the bony pelvis and a brief description of the foetal skull given by Luke Reid on 05/11/2018. Also includes additional questions from the Pelvic Anatomy Tutorial that followed the lecture.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Name the three bones of the bony pelvis (in alphabetical order). [blank_start]Ilium[blank_end] [blank_start]Ischium[blank_end] [blank_start]Pubis[blank_end]
Answer
  • Ilium
  • Ischium
  • Pubis

Question 2

Question
Label the parts of the bony pelvis shown below:
Answer
  • Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
  • Posterior Superior Iliac Spine
  • Iliac Crest
  • Ischial Tuberosity
  • Pubic Tubercle

Question 3

Question
Label the joints of the bony pelvis as shown below:
Answer
  • Sacroiliac joint
  • Pubic symphysis

Question 4

Question
What type of joint is the hip joint?
Answer
  • Synovial
  • Primary Cartilaginous
  • Secondary Cartilaginous
  • Fibrous

Question 5

Question
What type of joint is the pubic symphysis?
Answer
  • Synovial
  • Primary Cartilaginous
  • Secondary Cartilaginous
  • Fibrous

Question 6

Question
The 'wing' of the sacrum is also known as an [blank_start]ala[blank_end] of the sacrum
Answer
  • ala

Question 7

Question
The point at which the inferior pubic ramus meets the inferior ramus of the ischium is called the [blank_start]ischiopubic[blank_end] ramus
Answer
  • ischiopubic

Question 8

Question
The parts of the bony pelvis we typically sit on are called the ...
Answer
  • Ischial Tuberosities
  • Ischial Tubercles
  • Ischial Spines
  • Inferior Rami of the Ichia

Question 9

Question
Name the labelled structures of the pelvic bone:
Answer
  • Pubic Tubercle
  • Superior Pubic Ramus

Question 10

Question
The [blank_start]inguinal[blank_end] ligament attaches between the ASIS and the pubic tubercle
Answer
  • inguinal

Question 11

Question
Which structure of the gut sits in the left iliac fossa?
Answer
  • Caecum
  • Appendix
  • Sigmoid Colon

Question 12

Question
The posterior superior iliac spine in found at which vertebral level?
Answer
  • S1
  • S2
  • S3
  • S4

Question 13

Question
The origin of the [blank_start]hamstring[blank_end] muscle group is at the [blank_start]ischial tuberosity[blank_end]
Answer
  • ischial tuberosity
  • pubic tubercle
  • superior pubic ramus
  • hamstring
  • psoas
  • quadricep

Question 14

Question
What structure forms the faint arch labelled on the xray below?
Answer
  • Ischial Spine

Question 15

Question
Label the xray (no abbreviations):
Answer
  • Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
  • Pubic tubercle
  • Superior pubic ramus
  • Ischial tuberosity

Question 16

Question
This foramen is named the __________ foramen
Answer
  • obturator

Question 17

Question
Name the two ligaments of the pelvis that form the greater and lesser sciatic foramen (most anterior first). [blank_start]Sacrospinous[blank_end] ligament [blank_start]Sacrotuberous[blank_end] ligament
Answer
  • Sacrospinous
  • Sacrotuberous

Question 18

Question
Label the following ligaments on the diagram below.
Answer
  • Sacrospinous Ligament
  • Sacrotuberous Ligament
  • Sacrotuberous Ligament
  • Sacrospinous Ligament
  • Sacrospinous Ligament
  • Sacrotuberous Ligament

Question 19

Question
Attaches between ischial spine and sacrum = [blank_start]Sacrospinous Ligament[blank_end] Attaches between ischial tuberosity and sacrum = [blank_start]Sacrotuberous Ligament[blank_end] Attaches between superior ramus of the ischium and sacrum = [blank_start]Neither[blank_end]
Answer
  • Neither
  • Sacrotuberous Ligament
  • Sacrospinous Ligament

Question 20

Question
The most prominent part of the sacrum is known as the sacral [blank_start]promontory[blank_end]
Answer
  • promontory

Question 21

Question
Which muscle is also known as the pelvic floor? [blank_start]Levator Ani[blank_end] Muscle
Answer
  • Levator Ani

Question 22

Question
Which nerve wraps around the sacrospinous ligament before re-entering the pelvis, allowing an anatomical landmark at which nerve conduction block can be conducted? [blank_start]Pudendal[blank_end] Nerve
Answer
  • Pudendal

Question 23

Question
The subpubic angle is wider in males than it is in females.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
Males typically have a larger sacral promontory than females.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
The term “[blank_start]moulding[blank_end]” refers to the movement of one bone over another to allow the foetal head to pass through the pelvis during labour.
Answer
  • moulding

Question 26

Question
Diameters of the foetal skull: Horizontal = _________ Diameter Longitudinal = _________ Diameter
Answer
  • Biparietal
  • Occipitofrontal

Question 27

Question
Which diameter of the foetal skull is longest? The [blank_start]Occipitofrontal[blank_end] Diameter
Answer
  • Occipitofrontal

Question 28

Question
Childbirth in relation to the foetal skull: Baby should pass through pelvic inlet facing [blank_start]right/left[blank_end] Baby should pass through pelvic outlet facing [blank_start]posteriorly[blank_end] and the head should be in [blank_start]a flexed position[blank_end] During delivery the foetal head should be in [blank_start]extension[blank_end]
Answer
  • right/left
  • anteriorly
  • posteriorly
  • posteriorly
  • anteriorly
  • right/left
  • a flexed position
  • an extended position
  • extension
  • flexion

Question 29

Question
Once the baby's head has been delivered in the occipitoanterior position, the foetus should then be turned 180 degrees to face anteriorly in order to deliver the shoulders
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
Bulging of Fontanelles indicates [blank_start]raised ICP[blank_end]
Answer
  • raised ICP
  • bony malformation
  • cerebral herniation

Question 31

Question
Recession of fontanelles typically indicates which two of the following?
Answer
  • Malnutrition
  • Dehydration
  • Traumatic Birth Injury
  • Raised ICP
  • Bony Malformation

Question 32

Question
The Linea [blank_start]Terminalis[blank_end] is another term for describing the pelvic inlet
Answer
  • Terminalis

Question 33

Question
Label the lumbosacral plexus shown below
Answer
  • Iliohypogastric nerve
  • Ilioinguinal Nerve
  • Genitofemoral Nerve
  • Lateral Cutaneous Nerve of the Thigh
  • Obturator Nerve
  • Femoral Nerve

Question 34

Question
The Obturator and Femoral Nerves both arise from nerve roots ...
Answer
  • L1, L2, L3
  • L2, L3, L4
  • L3, L4, L5

Question 35

Question
The Pudendal Nerve arises from levels ...
Answer
  • S1, S2, S3
  • S2, S3, S4
  • S3, S4, S5
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