Intro to Clinical Diseases and Chapter 1

alyssa Reynolds
Quiz by alyssa Reynolds , updated more than 1 year ago
alyssa Reynolds
Created by alyssa Reynolds about 2 years ago
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Quiz on Intro to Clinical Diseases and Chapter 1, created by alyssa Reynolds on 03/27/2019.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which of the following is NOT an example of non-specific immunity?
Answer
  • Mechanical and chemical barriers
  • Inflammatory response
  • T-cell mediated immunity
  • Interferon and complement

Question 2

Question
Where do T-cells develop (go to college) before moving into circulation?
Answer
  • Adrenal gland
  • Thymus
  • Pituitary gland
  • Submandibular lymph node

Question 3

Question
What white blood cell is most associated with an inflammatory response in the body?
Answer
  • Basophil
  • Neutrophil
  • Lymphocyte
  • Monocyte

Question 4

Question
Specific immunity is also considered _______________.
Answer
  • The first line of defense
  • The second line of defense
  • The third line of defense
  • The forth line of defense

Question 5

Question
Interferon and complement are involved with which of the following actions?
Answer
  • Macrophages taking invaders to T-cells
  • Humoral immunity
  • Species resistance
  • Interference with virus reproduction within a cells

Question 6

Question
How long does it take for B-cells to produce antibodies?
Answer
  • 1-3 days
  • 30-50 days
  • 7-10 days
  • 24-48 hours

Question 7

Question
What cell interacts directly with a pathogen in specific immunity?
Answer
  • T-cell lymphocyte
  • B-cell lymphocyte
  • Neutrophil
  • Basophil

Question 8

Question
What cell is considered to be a "memory cell"?
Answer
  • T-cell lymphocyte
  • B-cell lymphocyte
  • Macrophage
  • Neutrophil

Question 9

Question
Which of the following is NOT considered to be acquired immunity?
Answer
  • Genetic factors
  • Expose to pathogen
  • Being vaccinated
  • None of the above

Question 10

Question
What cell can take invading pathogens to T-cells in specific immunity?
Answer
  • Neutrophil
  • B-cell lymphocyte
  • Basophil
  • Macrophage

Question 11

Question
Which of the following is the CORRECT order of the electrical conduction of the heart?
Answer
  • AV node- SA node- bundle of HIS- Purkinje fibers
  • SA node- AV node- bundle of HIS- Purkinje fibers
  • Bundle of HIS- SA node- AV node- Purkinje fibers
  • Purkinje fibers- bundle of HIS- SA node- AV node

Question 12

Question
What chamber of the heart does UN-OXYGENATED blood first enter?
Answer
  • Left ventricle
  • Right atrium
  • Left atrium
  • Right ventricle

Question 13

Question
Arteries normally carry oxygenated blood through the body, what is an exception to the rule?
Answer
  • Vena cava
  • Portal vessel
  • Pulmonary vein
  • None of the above

Question 14

Question
Which is NOT an example of myocardial dysfunction?
Answer
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Myocarditis
  • Taurine deficiency
  • Anemia

Question 15

Question
Which of the following statements regarding dilated cardiomyopathy is FALSE?
Answer
  • Involves hypertrophy of cardiac muscle
  • Involves dilation of cardiac chambers
  • Results in impaired function of ventricles
  • May be a result of taurine deficiency in cats

Question 16

Question
Regarding dilated cardiomyopathy, which of the statements are TRUE?
Answer
  • Only the left side of the heart is usually affected
  • Happens in small breed dogs more often than large breed dogs
  • Happens in large breed dogs more often than small breed dogs
  • Cats tend to have DCM more than dogs

Question 17

Question
Regarding hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which of the following statements is TRUE?
Answer
  • Occurs more often in cats
  • Occurs more often in dogs
  • Affects right side of heart more often than left
  • Associated with taurine deficiency in cats

Question 18

Question
Regarding hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which of the following is FALSE?
Answer
  • Cats may develop thromboembolism
  • Affects right ventricle more than the left ventricle
  • Affects left ventricle more than the right ventricle
  • Involves thickening of the cardiac muscle

Question 19

Question
Which of the following symptoms is NOT a sign of thromboembolism?
Answer
  • Cold distal rear limbs
  • Severe pain
  • Paresis
  • Ascites

Question 20

Question
What drug can be used in low doses as prophylaxis for thromboembolism in cats?
Answer
  • Asprin
  • Acetaminophen
  • Furosemide
  • Ibuprofen

Question 21

Question
What shape of the heart may be seen on radiograph in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
Answer
  • Round silhouette
  • Valentine shape
  • Oval shape
  • None of the above

Question 22

Question
Regarding heart failure, which is NOT a circulatory example?
Answer
  • Myocarditis
  • Anemia
  • Valve dysfunction
  • Hypovolemia

Question 23

Question
What is another name for the mitral valve?
Answer
  • Tricuspid
  • Bicuspid
  • Pulmonary
  • Aortic

Question 24

Question
Which of the following is NOT an example of congenital heart disease?
Answer
  • Septal defect
  • PDA
  • Myocarditis
  • Stenotic valve

Question 25

Question
Persistent right aortic arch may result in which of the following clinical signs?
Answer
  • Prominent jugular pulse
  • Failure to grow
  • Sudden death
  • Regurgitation of food

Question 26

Question
Tetralogy of Fallot may result in which of the following clinical signs?
Answer
  • Failure to grow
  • Regurgitation of food
  • Daytime cough
  • Hyperactivity

Question 27

Question
All of the following information about chronic mitral valve disease is true EXCEPT;
Answer
  • Progresses with age
  • Usually happens in large breed dogs
  • Denal disease may worsen issue
  • Usually happens in small breed dogs

Question 28

Question
A deviation from normal heart rhythm is considered _______________.
Answer
  • Chronic heart failure
  • Congenital
  • Arrhythmia
  • None of the above

Question 29

Question
What is the goal with chronic mitral valve insufficiency (MMVD)?
Answer
  • Correct it surgically
  • Control symptoms
  • Keep patient comfortable
  • Both to control symptoms and to keep patient comfortable

Question 30

Question
The average life span with dilated cardiomyopathy after diagnosis is;
Answer
  • 2-3 months
  • 1-3 years
  • 6 months- 2 years
  • 3-6 years

Question 31

Question
Unoxygenated blood flows from the right ventricle through the ___________ to the lungs, then oxygenated blood moves through the _____________ to the left atrium.
Answer
  • Pulmonary artery; pulmonary vein
  • Pulmonary vein; pulmonary artery
  • Aorta; vena cava
  • Vena cava; aorta

Question 32

Question
Large breed dogs tend to be associated with _____________ where as small breed dogs tend to be associated with ______________.
Answer
  • DCM; MMVD
  • HCM; MMVD
  • DCM; HCM
  • VSD; DCM

Question 33

Question
In chronic mitral valve disease _____________ is reduced in the diet to help with water retention.
Answer
  • Protein
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Fat

Question 34

Question
In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the ______________ is the most affected chamber of the heart.
Answer
  • Left atrium
  • Left ventricle
  • Right atrium
  • Right ventricle

Question 35

Question
Atrial septal defect is considered what kind of heart disease?
Answer
  • Congenital
  • Circulatory
  • Congestive
  • Convoluted

Question 36

Question
Right sided heart failure is associated with ____________ where as left sided heart failure is associated with _____________.
Answer
  • Pulmonary edema; ascites
  • Ascites; pulmonary edema
  • Pleural effusion; pulmonary edema
  • Pleural effusion, ascites

Question 37

Question
Ventricular tachycardia can be associated with which of the following?
Answer
  • Cardiac disease
  • Electrolyte imbalances
  • Acid base disorders
  • All of these are correct

Question 38

Question
What drug can be used IV in emergency V-tach?
Answer
  • Pimobendane
  • Lidocaine
  • Furosemide
  • Enalapril

Question 39

Question
Furosemide is a ______________.
Answer
  • Diuretic
  • Ace inhibitor
  • Vasodilator
  • Antiarrhythmic

Question 40

Question
Sinus arrhythmia is associated with which of the following?
Answer
  • Congenital defects
  • Myocarditis
  • Normal breathing
  • Anemia

Question 41

Question
In feline heartworm disease the goal is to kill the parasite.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

Question
Ventricular fibrillation involves the lack of QRS complexes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 43

Question
Blocked cats can get sinus tachycardia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
Felines are more likely to get ventricular septal defects than canines
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 45

Question
Dilated cardiomyopathy is a common occurrence in felines
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

Question
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a common occurrence in canines
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
Myocarditis is inflammation of the cardiac muscle
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
T-cell lymphocytes take a while to destroy a pathogen
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 49

Question
Mechanical and chemical barriers are considered to be the first line of defense
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
Saddle thrombus is usually a curable issue in felines
Answer
  • True
  • False
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