Globalisation

hncampbell95
Quiz by hncampbell95, updated more than 1 year ago
hncampbell95
Created by hncampbell95 about 7 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Globalisation, created by hncampbell95 on 12/14/2014.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Globalisation is...
Answer
  • The process of intensified compression and increasing consciousness of the world
  • The rapid expansion and intensified consciousness of the world
  • The homogenisation of global cultures
  • The system of intensified compression and increasing consciousness of the world

Question 2

Question
Time and space compression is...
Answer
  • The phenomenon altering time and space relations due to the rapid increase in technology allowing communication to travel faster, making the world seem smaller
  • The earth is slowly moving closer to the sun, causing space to appear more compressed and time to speed up
  • Two-way flow/process of globalisation
  • when you move further away from the core of 'civilisation,' society becomes more backwards

Question 3

Question
Glocalisation is thinking global, but acting local
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
What are the four facilitating factors of intercultural exchange discussed in the lecture?
Answer
  • Intercultural trade
  • Foreign religions
  • Political/Military factors
  • Social factors
  • Cultural factors
  • Linguistic factors

Question 5

Question
Colonisers 'form a community' by 'un-forming/re-forming' the existing colonised community.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
The difference between postcolonialism and post-colonialism is...
Answer
  • Postcolonialism is ideological, while post-colonialism is temporal
  • With post-colonialism, countries can still be culturally and economically neo-colonised, but formally decolonised. Postcolonialism on the other hand, is completely free of its colonisers influence
  • Postcolonialism is characterised by different experiences within/between countries, while post-colonialism is concerned with the education, literature, and linguistic experience
  • Postcolonialism is the process of decolonisation, while post-colonialism is the result of decolonisation

Question 7

Question
While colonialism includes imperialism, imperialism does not require colonialism.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Which one describes postcolonial theory?
Answer
  • A new way of analysing text by re-reading traditional English literature for colonial themes and discourse and the analysis of representations of colonised subjects
  • "Ways that representations and modes of perception are used as fundamental weapons of colonial power to keep colonised people subservient to colonial rule." It is the colonisation of the mind
  • It emphasises unity in diversity, making specific, national differences less important than grand, abstract, universal concerns through a humanist approach

Question 9

Question
What is the subaltern?
Answer
  • Those in the lowest social position, outside hegemonic power structures of colonial powers
  • Those in the highest social position, operate within the hegemonic power structure but oppose colonial powers
  • Indigenous language that has been marginalised and associated with backwardness and barbarianism
  • Language or dialect used often only by those in the lowest social position as a result of colonial language policy

Question 10

Question
The usage-based approach to language is characterised by...
Answer
  • Reading the intention of others
  • Joint attention and social interaction
  • Shared structure of languages
  • Cognitive abilities developed through socio-cultural factors
  • All humans have the ability to learn a language
  • Language forms knowledge about the self and social world

Question 11

Question
Weak hypothesis of the Linguistic Relativity Principle suggests that the structure of language determines thoughts.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Galton's problem stated that...
Answer
  • Different cultures develop and adopt similar characteristics as a result of cultural exchange, not independently as previously believed
  • Modernity and modernism is a western phenomena and that it is incorporated by non-western cultures
  • Everything obeys the laws of market
  • Societies take on patterns of rationalisation, breaking down tasks into smaller tasks for production

Question 13

Question
Pragmatics is...
Answer
  • How people use context to understand knowledge of human behaviour needed to interpret interactions
  • How people use their knowledge of human behaviour to understand the context of interactions
  • How people use interactions to interpret to understand the context of human behaviours
  • How people use their knowledge of communications to avoid misunderstandings

Question 14

Question
Which best characterises opinions of the anti-globalisation movement towards globalisation? (can pick more than one)
Answer
  • Against the neo-liberal aspect of globalisation
  • No globalisation without representation
  • Fear of fragmentation
  • Spread of western modernism and colonialism
  • Reinforcing the ideas of the 'other' and backwardness of non-western civilisations
  • Form of neo-imperialism
  • Fear of homogenisation
  • Against all global networks

Question 15

Question
Which are communication strategies used to avoid miscommunication discussed in the lectures?
Answer
  • Indicating need for repair
  • Try to reformulate
  • Ask for confirmation
  • Ask for clarification
  • Use gestures to help convey message
  • Switch to different language
  • Draw pictures or write it down

Question 16

Question
Which answer describes a lingua franca?
Answer
  • Language used for communication between speakers that do not share a native tongue
  • Language spoken around the world by populations other than those associated with them
  • Language spoken by most of the worlds population, serving as a medium of literacy and other forms of cultural life
  • Language of public signage

Question 17

Question
The outer circle in the three circles of Englishes represents those who use English as a foreign language.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
What are the three main types of colonisation?
Answer
  • Progressive territorial expansion, exploitation of bodies, and colonisation of the mind
  • Conservative ideology, territorial expansion, and exploitation of resources
  • Reactionary political ideology, exploitation of resources, and expansion of power
  • Linguistic, colonisation of the mind, and capitalist economy

Question 19

Question
Linguistic imperialism favours one language over others in a way that parallels societal structures.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Three important actors in linguistic imperialism discussed in the lecture are...
Answer
  • Private linguistic institutions
  • Governmental institutions
  • Religious missionaries
  • Small community organisations
  • Family
  • School and educational instututes
  • Military

Question 21

Question
What have we learnt from post colonial linguistics?
Answer
  • That post-colonial nations with linguistically diverse citizens recognise the importance of European languages for wider communication
  • An explanation of perceived language and use, such as beliefs about articulation and rationalisation or justification
  • An investigation of social and ideological significance of language and conception in nature of language and use
  • It underpins ethnic struggles

Question 22

Question
Which best describes 'art as panhuman'?
Answer
  • Inherently global feature, motivated by art for art's sake
  • Art ties in with economics and politics,a representation of primitivism and/or cultural heritage and identity
  • Refers to culture and globalisation were we ascribe more value to art, defamiliarise subjects, and challenge the ideological hegemony
  • Art occurs all around the world, often serving religious functions, capturing the essence of the subject in the images and therefore controlling them

Question 23

Question
What were the three types of portraitures?
Answer
  • Generic, emblematic, and representational
  • Characteristic, symbolic, and representational
  • Idiosyncrasy, emblematic, and represntation
  • Symbolic, rendering, and depction

Question 24

Question
Globalisation is a process, not a system.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
What were the three identity subjects described by Hall?
Answer
  • Enlightenment subject
  • Postmodern subject
  • Sociological subject
  • Primitive subject
  • Posthuman subject
  • Paradoxical subject
  • Modern subject
  • Subjective subject

Question 26

Question
The uncanny valley theory shows us that as objects with human features look more like natural human beings, there is a dip in familiarity and a feeling of revulsion amongst people.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
What were the three blows to human ego
Answer
  • The earth is not the centre of the universe
  • The human species is not unique
  • The human mind is not entirely in control
  • Emotions are not rational
  • Some developments are universal

Question 28

Question
What best describes 'anti-globalisation?' (can pick more than one
Answer
  • Against the neo-liberal aspect of globalisation
  • Shift towards counter-globalisation
  • No globalisation without representation
  • Against formation of global networks
  • Anti-western movement
  • Form of western neo-imperialism
  • Against the capitalist nature of globalisation

Question 29

Question
In the lecture, we discussed that cultural globalisation is the mixing of contemporary enabled by what? (can pick more than one)
Answer
  • Patterns of population movement
  • Generalised accelerating globalisation
  • Globalisation of electronic communications
  • Patterns of population growth
  • Changes in societal structures
  • Innovations in popular culture in media

Question 30

Question
In all the definitions of colonialism given, there is no mention of the indigenous people.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
What did the psychopathology of colonisation discuss?
Answer
  • The socio-psychological effects of colonialism and the objectification of people with different skin colour
  • The socio-psychological effect of colonialism and the stripping of natural resources and exploitation of colonised lang and people
  • The psychological impact of linguistic imperialism and colonial language policy on the indigenous people
  • The psychological impact on society as a result of globalisation and the implementation of capitalist economic systems

Question 32

Question
The Holy Trinity of Postcolonial Theory is composed up of which 3 theorists?
Answer
  • Edward Said
  • Homi Bhabha
  • Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak
  • Frantz Fanon
  • Rosi Braidotti
  • John Clark
  • Paul Ricoeur

Question 33

Question
Mimicry is the breakdown of authority of the coloniser by the colonised through appropriating elements of the coloniser, intervening with the traditional power structure.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
What are the five 'scapes' described by Appadurai?
Answer
  • Ethnoscape: peoples' movements
  • Mediascape: media and how it represents the world
  • Technoscape: global configuration of the world
  • Financescape: distribution of global capital
  • Ideoscape: distribution of ideologies
  • Politiscape: political structure within a community
  • Globalscape: globalisation and how it effects the world
  • Telescape: communications and how innovations change rate of information distribution

Question 35

Question
Acculturation is the west incorporating non-western cultural aspects into own culture.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
What are the three linguistic frames of reference?
Answer
  • Relative, absolute, and intrinsic
  • Comparative, definitive, and intrinsic
  • Relative, definitive, and inherent
  • Definitive, intrinsic, and inherent

Question 37

Question
Communicative competence is the knowledge of how to communicate in certain situations.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Pragmatic failure is a misunderstanding that arises from the inability to understand a speech act as a result of grammar.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Which describes sociopragmatic failure?
Answer
  • Caused by cross-culturally different assessments of social distance, power relations, rights and obligations, impositions, taboo subjects etc. It is associated with the cross-culture iceberg because some cultural context is primarily in awareness but most out of awareness
  • Force assigned to a certain linguistic structure which does not correspond to the normally assigned one in a native culture
  • Teacher-induced error; transfer is done in the preferred way of native language, which is not how it would be commonly said in the target language

Question 40

Question
What are the four typologies of multilingualism?
Answer
  • Duplicating multilingualism
  • Fragmentary multilingualism
  • Overlapping multilingualism
  • Complementary multilingualism
  • Contrasting multilingualism
  • Parallell multilingualism
  • Repetitive multilingualism
  • Idle multilingualism

Question 41

Question
What is the posthuman predicament?
Answer
  • The blurring of boundaries between humans, animals, and technology
  • The importance of quantifying self
  • Identity is unstable and fragmented
  • The increasing importance of space relations

Question 42

Question
Plessner claims that the difference between living and inanimate objects is that life is embodied and has boundaries, while inanimate objects have contours which we ascribe to them.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 43

Question
What are the three stages of embodiment?
Answer
  • Open postionality
  • Centric positionality
  • Ex-centric positionality
  • Post-centric positionality
  • Peripheral positionality
  • Closed positionality

Question 44

Question
Which of the following describes extrahumanism?
Answer
  • Individual human enhancement
  • Creating new life and genetic modification
  • Creating artificial life forms
  • All of the above

Question 45

Question
Capitalism and globalisation are used (incorrectly) interchangeable as a result of a semantic shift.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

Question
Globalisation is seen as paradoxical because it is presented as global, but theorised as anti-western.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
A paradigm shift in the globalisation process can be seen in the following...(can pick more than one)
Answer
  • Decline is uneven
  • Erosion of southern nation states
  • Northern states making a comeback
  • Erosion of the democratic system
  • Criticisms of the capitalist system
  • Neo-colonialsm

Question 48

Question
How is education used as a tool for implementing colonial language policy? (can pick more than one)
Answer
  • Privileging/enforcing dominant language over others
  • Westernising a small segment of the population
  • Civilising population
  • Elevate prestige of indigenous language
  • Manipulate the linguistic periphery

Question 49

Question
Minority languages represent what elements? (can pick more than one)
Answer
  • Nationalism
  • Ideology
  • Politics
  • Conflict
  • History
  • Membership

Question 50

Question
Which of the following is not a main actor in minority languages discussed in the lecture?
Answer
  • Minority members
  • Religious leaders
  • External powers
  • None of the above

Question 51

Question
Which is not a global impact of minorities that was discussed in the lecture?
Answer
  • Diasporas
  • Multimedia
  • Education
  • International organisation/external influences agendas
  • Internal divisions
  • Ethnic/linguistic threat

Question 52

Question
Language is a powerful force in religious change and the spread of religion.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

Question
In the lecture, we discussed that language and religion is multi-faceted for which of the following reasons?
Answer
  • It addresses the status of particular languages in particular religions
  • Religion is considered taboo
  • Religion impacts language planning
  • Religious eduction impacts language use

Question 54

Question
Structural functionalism concerns...(can pick more than one)
Answer
  • Effects of religion on language
  • Mutuality of religion and language
  • Effects of language on religion
  • Language, religion, and literacy
  • Effects of religion and language on social stratification
  • Language, religion, and colonial exploitation
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