Social and Developmental Psychology

Rosina Brunsden
Quiz by Rosina Brunsden, updated 6 months ago
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Quiz on Social and Developmental Psychology, created by Rosina Brunsden on 05/24/2019.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
When do babies show understanding that others have goals?
Answer
  • 6 months
  • 12 months
  • 18 months
  • 24 months

Question 2

Question
When do babies carry out the intended actions of a failed goal?
Answer
  • 6 months
  • 12 months
  • 18 months
  • 24 months

Question 3

Question
Heider and Simmel (1944) used a short animation of shapes and found that:
Answer
  • People described what the shapes were doing (e.g. they were shaking, moved from one side of the screen to the other)
  • People attributed social cues to their narration (e.g. the triangle was scared, the square was being a bully)
  • Females tended to narrate stories, males tended to describe the shapes exactly as they were
  • Children tended to narrate stories, adults tended to describe the shapes exactly as they were

Question 4

Question
Meltzoff (1995) found that children carried out the intended action of a human __% of the time, and carried out the intended action of a machine __% of the time.
Answer
  • 45%, 40%
  • 65%, 30%
  • 60%, 10%
  • 85%, 60%

Question 5

Question
At [blank_start]___[blank_end] months, children gave the researcher what they themselves preferred. At [blank_start]___[blank_end] months, children gave the researcher what the other preferred.
Answer
  • 6
  • 12
  • 14
  • 18
  • 6
  • 12
  • 14
  • 18

Question 6

Question
Theory of Mind is...
Answer
  • A theory about how the mind works and why we are able to think
  • Theorising how others might perceive you
  • Attributing beliefs about the desires and perspectives of others
  • A theory that explains the different levels existing within the mind

Question 7

Question
4 year olds: (select 2)
Answer
  • Find success in the Smarties task
  • Find success in the Sally/Anne task
  • Do not find success in the Smarties task
  • Do not find success in the Sally/Anne task

Question 8

Question
Peer Interactions: [blank_start]2-3 year olds[blank_end] use language [blank_start]6 months[blank_end] smiles and babbles [blank_start]3-4 months[blank_end] looks and touches [blank_start]1-2 year olds[blank_end] coordinate interactions (e.g. mutual imitation)
Answer
  • 1-2 year olds
  • 2-3 year olds
  • 3-4 year olds
  • 4+ years olds
  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6 months
  • 8 months
  • 1-2 months
  • 3-4 months
  • 4-5 months
  • 6-8 months
  • 5-6 months
  • 7-8 months
  • 12 months
  • 1-2 year old

Question 9

Question
Parten (1932) observed
Answer
  • three stages of play in 2-4 year olds
  • three types of peer groups in 10-12 year old
  • gender differences in play groups in 2-4 year olds
  • gender differences in peer groups in 10-12 year olds

Question 10

Question
Who developed a sociogram of the interactions of children over a 5 week period?
Answer
  • Selman (1980)
  • Clark et al. (1969)
  • Smith (1978)
  • Parten (1932)

Question 11

Question
Selman (1980) established 5 stages of friendship: - Momentary playmate - One way assistance - Fair-weather cooperation - Intimate, mutually shared - Mature friendship
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
According to Selman (1980), what are five stages of friendship? 3-7 years - [blank_start]momentary playmate[blank_end] 4-9 years - [blank_start]one-way assistance[blank_end] 6-12 years - [blank_start]fair-weather cooperation[blank_end] 11-15 years - [blank_start]intimate, mutually shared[blank_end] Teen-adulthood - [blank_start]mature friendship[blank_end]
Answer
  • momentary playmate
  • one-way assistance
  • fair-weather cooperation
  • intimate, mutually shared
  • mature friendship

Question 13

Question
In a study of 16-18 year olds in Italy, __% had claimed to see themselves as belonging to a peer group, hung out in cliques and saw their group as an important aspect of their life. (Palmonari, 1989)
Answer
  • 40%
  • 60%
  • 75%
  • 90%

Question 14

Question
Brown et al. (1986) found that conformity generally [blank_start]_[blank_end] occur.
Answer
  • does
  • does not

Question 15

Question
Questionnaire responses indicate that ____________________________ (Berndt, 1979).
Answer
  • both 11-12 year olds and 14-15 year olds conform to social pressures
  • 11-12 year olds conform to social pressures, 14-15 year olds conform to anti-social pressures
  • both 11-12 year olds and 14-15 year olds conform to anti-social pressures
  • 11-12 year olds conform to anti-social pressures, 14-15 year olds conform to social pressures

Question 16

Question
What are the three levels of peer groups according to Brown (1980). (select all 3)
Answer
  • Dyads
  • Pairs
  • Cliques
  • Crowds
  • Subgroups
  • Anti-socials
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