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Bio 23 - Exam 4

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Quiz on Bio 23 - Exam 4, created by Sylas Eckhart on 05/29/2019.
Sylas Eckhart
Quiz by Sylas Eckhart, updated more than 1 year ago
Sylas Eckhart
Created by Sylas Eckhart about 3 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
If ammonia is so toxic, how do fish diffuse it out of their bodies directly?
Answer
  • They don't - they convert it to uric acid!
  • They use the surrounding water to diffuse it
  • The kidneys help to break down ammonia
  • The liver helps to break down ammonia
  • Ammonia isn't toxic to fish in small quantities

Question 2

Question
Which of these are NOT a function of the kidneys?
Answer
  • regulation of ion concentration in the blood
  • elimination of organic waste products
  • breaking down ammonia
  • regulation of blood volume and pressure
  • recovering nutrients lots in urine

Question 3

Question
Urea is 100,000x MORE toxic than ammonia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Match each pair correctly
Answer
  • body cells - ammonia liver - urea kidneys - urine
  • body cells - urea liver - urine kidneys - ammonia
  • body cells - ammonia liver - urine kidneys - uric acid
  • body cells - urea liver - uric acid kidneys - ammonia
  • body cells - uric acid liver - ammonia kidneys - urine
  • body cells - ammonia liver - uric acid kidneys - urea

Question 5

Question
An unknown animal contains a single ear bone with very well-developed hearing. What type of waste would you expect this animal to produce?
Answer
  • ammonia
  • urea
  • urine
  • uric acid
  • Only animals with 3 ear bones can have well-developed hearing!

Question 6

Question
What are the correct steps of going through the nephron?
Answer
  • 1. Collecting Tubule 2. Ascending Loop of Henle 3. Descending Loop of Henle 4. Proximal Convoluted Tubule 5. Glomerus & Renal Corpuscle 6. Distal Convoluted Tubule
  • 1. Ascending Loop of Henle 2. Descending Loop of Henle 3. Collecting Tubule 4. Proximal Convoluted Tubule 5. Distal Convoluted Tubule 6. Glomerus & Renal Corpuscle
  • 1. Glomerus & Renal Corpuscle 2. Proximal Convoluted Tubule 3. Descending Loop of Henle 4. Ascending Loop of Henle 5. Distal Convolute Tubule 6. Collecting Tubule
  • 1. Glomerus & Renal Corpuscle 2. Distal Convoluted Tubule 3. Proximal Convoluted Tubule 4. Ascending Limb of Loop of Henle 5. Descending Limb of Loop of Henle 6. Collecting Tubule
  • 1. Glomerus & Renal Corpuscle 2. Proximal Convoluted Tubule 3. Distal Convoluted Tubule 4.Descending Limb of Loop of Henle 5. Collecting Tubule 6. Ascending Limp of Loop of Henle

Question 7

Question
Match the function: Glomerus & Renal Corpuscle - [blank_start]_____[blank_end] Proximal Convoluted Tubule - [blank_start]_______[blank_end] Descending Limb of Loop of Henle - [blank_start]______[blank_end] Ascending Limb of Loop of Henle - [blank_start]_______[blank_end] Distal Convoluted Tubule - [blank_start]________[blank_end] Collecting Tubule - [blank_start]___________[blank_end]
Answer
  • passive formation of ultrafiltrate
  • Active & passive reabsorption
  • H2O absorption 25% of original h20remain
  • ion absorption - no osmosis here
  • h20 absorption - 5-20% of h20 remaining
  • receives fluid & makes final adjustments

Question 8

Question
Which is NOT a way that animals reduce water loss?
Answer
  • hyperthermia
  • eating halophytes
  • never drinking
  • don't sweat
  • not producing ammonia

Question 9

Question
Which of the following about nerve impulses is correct?
Answer
  • All stimuli are the same
  • All nerve impulses are the same
  • All nerves connect to the same part of the brain
  • Radiant energy is not an effective stimulus

Question 10

Question
Match with the type of vision: Distance Vision: 1) Ciliary bodies [blank_start]relaxed[blank_end] 2) [blank_start]Tension[blank_end] on suspensory ligaments 3) Lens [blank_start]flat[blank_end] Close Vision: 1) Ciliary body [blank_start]contracts[blank_end] 2) [blank_start]No Tension[blank_end] on suspensory ligament 3) Lens [blank_start]spherical[blank_end]
Answer
  • relaxed
  • Tension
  • flat
  • contracts
  • No Tension
  • spherical

Question 11

Question
Vertebrate is to [blank_start]inverted retina[blank_end] as invertebrate is to [blank_start]verted retina[blank_end]
Answer
  • inverted retina
  • verted retina

Question 12

Question
Match the eye to the animal: Prey Animal - [blank_start]high visual field,[blank_end] [blank_start]mostly monocular vision[blank_end] Predator Animal - [blank_start]smaller visual field[blank_end], [blank_start]mostly binocular vision[blank_end] horse - [blank_start]sloped retina[blank_end] bird - [blank_start]eye with sclerotic ring[blank_end] arthropods - [blank_start]compound eye[blank_end]
Answer
  • high visual field,
  • mostly monocular vision
  • smaller visual field
  • mostly binocular vision
  • sloped retina
  • eye with sclerotic ring
  • compound eye

Question 13

Question
Match the correct eye terms: 1) Dark Vision - [blank_start]postsynaptic neurons inhibited[blank_end] -> [blank_start]neurotransmitter released[blank_end] 2) Light Vision - [blank_start]postsynaptic neurons released[blank_end] -> [blank_start]nothing released[blank_end] 3) Rods - [blank_start]light vision[blank_end] 4) Cones - [blank_start]Color vision[blank_end]
Answer
  • postsynaptic neurons inhibited
  • neurotransmitter released
  • postsynaptic neurons released
  • nothing released
  • light vision
  • Color vision

Question 14

Question
An example of active generation would be: detecting electric field from a prey.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Which of these is not a stimulus?
Answer
  • Energy
  • electrical
  • chemical
  • radiant
  • mechanical
  • all of these are stimuli

Question 16

Question
Water can have both high and low albedo
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
A rainstorm is blowing in, you can use the environmental lapse rate to learn about the change in air temperate from it.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Which of the following which you expect to hold the most amount of heat?
Answer
  • environmental lapse rate
  • dry adiabatic lapse rate
  • moist adiabatic lapse rate

Question 19

Question
Which of the following are major air circulation cells?
Answer
  • henle cell
  • ferrell cell
  • hadley cell
  • equator cell
  • middle cell
  • polar cell
  • regional cell

Question 20

Question
Match the correct terms: [blank_start]March[blank_end] & [blank_start]September Equinox[blank_end] - equator faces the sun directly; 12 hours of daylight and nighttime [blank_start]June Solstice[blank_end] - Nothern hemisphere tilts towards the sun; longer days than nights [blank_start]December Solstice[blank_end] - Nothern hemisphere tilts away from the sun; longer nights than days
Answer
  • March
  • September Equinox
  • June Solstice
  • December Solstice
  • March Solstice
  • September Solstice
  • June Equinox
  • December Equinox
  • December
  • June
  • September

Question 21

Question
Which of the following is NOT a regional effect on climate?
Answer
  • Elevation
  • Proximity to an ocean or body of water
  • rain shadow
  • cloud covering

Question 22

Question
High mountains have a climate similar to the poles due to:
Answer
  • environmental lapse rate
  • rain shadow
  • dry adiabatic lapse rate
  • moist adiabatic lapse rate
  • albedo
  • distribution of solar energy

Question 23

Question
Which of the following are used to classify a terrestrial biome?
Answer
  • temperature
  • precipitation
  • vegetation type
  • organisms
  • populations
  • albedo

Question 24

Question
Match the description to the biome: Extremely cold, frozen, no vegetation - [blank_start]Polar Desert[blank_end] Long cold winters, short cool summers; soil has permafrost layer; low growing plants and mosses - [blank_start]Tundra[blank_end] Very cold climate, has extremely wide annual temperate range; limited species, coniferous trees - [blank_start]Boreal Forest[blank_end] Wide range of annual temperature; layered vegetation, lots of species, trees lose leaves in winter - [blank_start]Deciduous Forest[blank_end] Lots of rain, cool wet winters, mild foggy summers; Douglas fir, coast redwoods and other conifers - [blank_start]Temperate rain forest[blank_end] Summer rains and winter snows; grassy vegetation, dry climate, fires & grazing animals keep out trees- [blank_start]temperate grasslands[blank_end] Little rain; vegetation specialized for conserving water, greatest fluctuation in daily temperatures - [blank_start]Cold Desert[blank_end] Mediterranean climate; hot dry summers and cool wet winters, plants adapted to fires - [blank_start]Chaparral[blank_end] Little rain; sand and camel deserts - [blank_start]Hot Deserts[blank_end] Distinct wet and prolonged dry periods; grasses with scattered trees due to fires and grazing animals - [blank_start]Tropical Savanna[blank_end] Pronounced dry season; grassy vegetation but more trees; found between savanna and rainforest - [blank_start]Tropical scrubland[blank_end] Warm, wet climate; no limit on plant growth, highest species diversity on earth - [blank_start]Tropical Rain Forest[blank_end]
Answer
  • Polar Desert
  • Tundra
  • Boreal Forest
  • Deciduous Forest
  • Temperate rain forest
  • temperate grasslands
  • Cold Desert
  • Chaparral
  • Hot Deserts
  • Tropical Savanna
  • Tropical scrubland
  • Tropical Rain Forest

Question 25

Question
Species diversity.... [blank_start]increases[blank_end] towards equator [blank_start]decreases[blank_end] at higher elevation [blank_start]increases[blank_end] on larger land areas [blank_start]decreases[blank_end] with increasing isolation
Answer
  • increases
  • decreases
  • decreases
  • increases
  • increases
  • decreases
  • decreases
  • increases

Question 26

Question
Match to the correct terms for aquatic biomes: [blank_start]Photic Zone[blank_end] - Uppermost layer [blank_start]Littoral Zone[blank_end] - Part of Photic Zone; rooted plants grow here [blank_start]Aphotic Zone[blank_end] - Cold and Dark; lots of nutrients here [blank_start]Pelagic Zone[blank_end] - ocean far from shore; a marine "desert"
Answer
  • Photic Zone
  • Littoral Zone
  • Aphotic Zone
  • Pelagic Zone

Question 27

Question
Which of the following applies to lichen?
Answer
  • secondary succession
  • primary succession
  • pioneer stage
  • intermediate stage
  • climax community

Question 28

Question
Match the following: 1) Pioneer Vegetation - (a) [blank_start]r[blank_end] selected species (b) [blank_start]poor[blank_end] competitors in established communities (c) [blank_start]high[blank_end] reproductive rates 2) Climax Community (a) [blank_start]k[blank_end] selected species (b) [blank_start]good[blank_end] competitors in established communities (c) [blank_start]low[blank_end] reproductive rates
Answer
  • r
  • poor
  • high
  • medium
  • k
  • t
  • m
  • z
  • good
  • low
  • stable

Question 29

Question
Introduced European weeds are more common in disturbed area.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
An ecosystem includes all organisms and all non-living aspects of an environment.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
What is the basis of nearly all ecosystems on Earth?
Answer
  • solar radiation
  • fungi
  • lichens
  • green plants & algae
  • carbon

Question 32

Question
~25% of energy at each trophic level is transferred to the next.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Which of the following is a producer?
Answer
  • algae
  • fungi
  • plankton
  • bacteria
  • crustacean

Question 34

Question
DDT was banned around the world. However, nearly all organisms tested contain DDT.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
Which of the following would you expect biological magnification to have the biggest effect on?
Answer
  • Plankton - Their bodies are small so it's easy for harmful effects to kill them.
  • Plants & Algae - Environmental toxins will hurt them first since they are at the lowest trophic level.
  • Birds - Birds have evolved very little resistance to newer environmental toxins.
  • Polar Bears - By eating at a higher trophic, the harmful substances accumulate in their bodies more quickly.

Question 36

Question
Polyandry is the most common mating system observed.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a population?
Answer
  • density
  • dispersion
  • birth rate
  • death rate
  • immigration
  • emigration
  • bio mass

Question 38

Question
Ecological density takes into consideration that not all habitat is equal.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
[blank_start]Density Dependent Limiting Factor[blank_end] - Competition, Disease & parasitism, predation [blank_start]Density Independent Limiting Factor[blank_end] - Weather & Geological Events
Answer
  • Density Dependent Limiting Factor
  • Density Independent Limiting Factor
  • Carrying Capacity
  • Natural Selection

Question 40

Question
Label the graph correctly. Not all terms will be used
Answer
  • Density Dependent Factors
  • Birth Rate
  • exponential growth
  • carrying capacity
  • population size
  • evolution
  • rate of change
  • natural selection
  • equilibrium
  • time
  • age

Question 41

Question
Which of the following is NOT considered to be an island?
Answer
  • Mountain in a "sea" of lowlands
  • Oases in a "sea" of desert
  • Small lake in a "sea" of lake
  • Grove of trees in a "sea" of grassland
  • These are all islands

Question 42

Question
Match the islands: [blank_start]Small-Distant Islands[blank_end] - have fewest species [blank_start]Large-Near Islands[blank_end] - Have most species [blank_start]Small-Near islands -[blank_end] have high colonization and high extinction rate = high turnover rate [blank_start]Large-Distant Islands[blank_end] - have low colonization and low extinction rate = low turnover rate
Answer
  • Small-Distant Islands
  • Large-Near Islands
  • Small-Near islands -
  • Large-Distant Islands

Question 43

Question
Lots of edge is important for a healthy reserve!
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
Which of the following are POSITIVE feedback loops?
Answer
  • Melting ice makes earth absorb more heat
  • heating causes more water vapor - traps more heat
  • melting permafrost releases CO2 from tundra
  • heating oceans = photosynthesis in algae so less CO2 removed from the atmosphere
  • More water vapor makes more white clouds and cools the earth
  • Increases CO2 may make plants grow faster/more which remove CO2

Question 45

Question
It's hard to differentiate between innate and learned behavior.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

Question
Which of the following pertain to fixed action potentials?
Answer
  • appears intelligent but is automatic
  • once started goes to completion
  • requires a releaser
  • part of simple aggregation
  • Tucking behavior in African Lovebirds

Question 47

Question
Because of habituation, if an animal is repeatedly exposed to a stimulus it is going to respond [blank_start]more.[blank_end]
Answer
  • more
  • less
  • the same

Question 48

Question
Altruistic behavior puts a species own safety and reproduction at risk. Why do we still see animals displaying these behaviors?
Answer
  • Animals that display altruism usually have short lifespans because of it.
  • Animals are compassionate.
  • They only display altruism to their offspring.
  • Altruism increases inclusive fitness
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