Agronomy (Explorations and Spices)

justabe1020
Quiz by justabe1020, updated more than 1 year ago
justabe1020
Created by justabe1020 almost 7 years ago
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Description

Quiz on Agronomy (Explorations and Spices), created by justabe1020 on 02/06/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What was the period from the early 15th century into the early 17th century, during which European ships traveled the world in search of new trading routes and partners to feed burgeoning capitalism in Europe
Answer
  • The Age of Discovery or Age of Exploration
  • The Age of Uncovery or Age of Exploration
  • The Age of Discovery or Age of Expedition

Question 2

Question
Early adventurers in were in search of trading goods such as:
Answer
  • gold, silver and spice
  • food and clothes

Question 3

Question
How many countries are there in the world?
Answer
  • 194
  • 195
  • 196
  • 193

Question 4

Question
Mask the odor of rotting food. - Neutralize unpleasant odors. - Act as antibacterial and antifungal agents. - Provide nutritional components. - Yield a physiological “high”. - Make otherwise dull food more interesting.
Answer
  • These were the reasons why humans began using spices
  • These were the reasons why humans began using flowers

Question 5

Question
Cilantro contains the same compounds as:
Answer
  • bettles
  • stink bugs
  • skunks

Question 6

Question
The spice epazote resembles 
Answer
  • skunk smell
  • stink bugs

Question 7

Question
The ______________ represented the state of the art in later medieval shipbuilding. But large, full-rigged ships could not always be sailed with the precision necessary for inshore surveying in unknown waters.
Answer
  • carrack
  • caravel

Question 8

Question
A __________ is a small, highly maneuverable, three- masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish for long voyages of explorations beginning of the 15th century.
Answer
  • caravel
  • carrack

Question 9

Question
A __________ was a 3 or 4-masted sailing ship developed in the Mediterranean in the 15th c 
Answer
  • carrack
  • caravel

Question 10

Question
Estimated locations and speed using a variety of different methods including wind, waves, bird sightings, and current.)
Answer
  • dead reckoning
  • leadline
  • Knots
  • astrolabe

Question 11

Question
The oldest navigating "instrument" was the ___________. It was a length of light rope with a lead weight attached to one end and its length marked off in "_________" (units of six feet).
Answer
  • leadline, fathoms
  • log line, fathoms

Question 12

Question
the "_____________" was invented to provide a more accurate measurement. It consisted of a triangular "chip" of wood attached to a light line by its three corners so that, when tossed overboard it "dug in" and pulled the line from its hand-held reel. ___________ were tied in the line at intervals that equated to sea miles-per-hour. A half-minute sand glass was used as a timer.
Answer
  • log line/chip log, knots
  • leadline, fathoms
  • leadline, knots
  • log line/chip log, fathoms

Question 13

Question
The ____________is said to be the first scientific instrument used for navigation. It was a disk with degrees of arc around its circumference and sight vanes on a rotating pointer. The disk was most commonly made of brass and was vertically hung from a ring. The navigator would hold the device by that ring and raise it above his head.
Answer
  • astrolabe
  • log line
  • leadline
  • dead reckoning

Question 14

Question
The __________ is another instrument which seamen adapted for navigation. Its name comes from the quarter-circle that it uses as a scale. The readings of the quadrant were taken by two people - one to take the instrument and look at the celestial body of reference, and the other to read the altitude from the arc.
Answer
  • quadrant
  • sextant

Question 15

Question
What was used to measure the sun's altitude, especially at the meridian passage (line of longitude) ?. With the knowledge of the sun's declination, the mariner could then obtain his latitude.
Answer
  • cross-staff
  • quadrant
  • sextant
  • astrolabe

Question 16

Question
What is the half of an imaginary great circle on the Earth's surface terminated by the North Pole and the South Pole, connecting points of equal longitude?
Answer
  • meridian
  • chronometer

Question 17

Question
The ______________ had remarkable accuracy that soon was shown to be largely impervious to the hectic motions of a ship at sea.
Answer
  • chronometer
  • portolans

Question 18

Question
_______________ contained maps of coastlines, locations of harbors, river mouths, and manmade features visible from the sea. They were a compilation of centuries of seafarer observations.
Answer
  • portolans
  • chronometers
  • meridian

Question 19

Question
________________ was used as a memory aid by navigators . With this simple device they were able to record how far and in what direction they had traveled during each four-hour watch. It consisted of a simple wooden board, equipped with pegs which were inserted into a series of holes. The upper portion of the board was marked out in the thirty-two points of the compass.
Answer
  • Traverse Boards
  • Chronometers
  • Portolans

Question 20

Question
Which map provided one of the first practical descriptions of Europe, Africa and Asia?
Answer
  • Fra Mauro map
  • Michaelangalo map
  • Dominca map
  • Marco Polo map

Question 21

Question
__________________ sailed to India to bring back spices.
Answer
  • Vasco da Gama
  • Christopher Columbus
  • Ferdinand Magellan
  • Marco Polo

Question 22

Question
The Indies or East Indies is a term often used to refer to the ______________
Answer
  • Malay Archipelago
  • Caribbean

Question 23

Question
The west indies refer to the _______________
Answer
  • Caribbean
  • Malay Archipelago

Question 24

Question
Which one of these places refer to the Spice Islands?
Answer
  • Moluccas Islands
  • Fiji Islands
  • India
  • Indonesia

Question 25

Question
Chili pepper
Answer
  • Capsicum
  • Colsicum
  • Moralisicum

Question 26

Question
Chili peppers are eaten as a spice by more than___________of the earth’s inhabitants each day
Answer
  • 25%
  • 20%
  • 10%

Question 27

Question
Venice was the commercial center of the world and popular spices that were traded were:
Answer
  • pepper, ginger, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon and sugar
  • nutmeg, cinnamon, cardamom, anise

Question 28

Question
Only three types of spices became popular in the old world that came from the new world:
Answer
  • allspice, red pepper (chili), and vanilla
  • pepper, salt, and sugar
  • cinnamon, nutmeg, and anise

Question 29

Question
Which country currently produces the most spices?
Answer
  • india
  • china
  • turkey
  • indonesia

Question 30

Question
Which country currently produces the most pepper?
Answer
  • indonesia
  • india
  • malaysia
  • vietnam

Question 31

Question
Which country produces the most cinnamon?
Answer
  • sri lanka
  • madagascar
  • indonesia
  • india

Question 32

Question
Cinnamon
Answer
  • Cinnamomum zeylanicum
  • Cinnamomum zey
  • Cinnamomum manicum
  • Cinnamomum meylanicum

Question 33

Question
Which country produces the most cloves?
Answer
  • indonesia
  • madagascar
  • sri lanka
  • india

Question 34

Question
Dried cloves
Answer
  • Eugenia caryophyllus
  • Eugenia zeylanicum

Question 35

Question
Nutmeg seeds
Answer
  • Myristica fragrans
  • Eugenia caryophyllus
  • Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Question 36

Question
Dried fruit of ______________ known as the queen of spices
Answer
  • cardamom
  • cinammon
  • nutmeg

Question 37

Question
Which country produces the most ginger?
Answer
  • india
  • china
  • malaysia
  • indonesia

Question 38

Question
Allspice
Answer
  • Pimenta dioica
  • Myristica fragrans
  • Eugenia caryophyllus

Question 39

Question
Allspice is not a mixture of spices, but a single spice that contains the flavors of nutmeg, cinnamon, and cloves
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

Question
___________ is the most expensive spice.
Answer
  • Saffron
  • Vanilla
  • Cardamom

Question 41

Question
Saffron is essentially the stigma (female part) of the ____________flower
Answer
  • lilly
  • crocus
  • vanilla
  • orchid
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