Prather Exam 2

cepa2k7
Quiz by cepa2k7, updated more than 1 year ago
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Question 1

Question
The two divisions of the central nervous system are the:
Answer
  • Autonomic nervous system and somatic nervous system
  • Brain and spinal cord
  • Sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system
  • Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system

Question 2

Question
What are the two parts of the Autonomic Nervous System?
Answer
  • Central nervous system and somatic nervous system
  • Cerebrum and cerebellum
  • Sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system
  • Brain and spinal cord

Question 3

Question
Which division of the peripheral nervous system consists of neurons sending messages out to the voluntary muscles of the body?
Answer
  • Autonomic
  • Sympathetic
  • Somatic
  • Central

Question 4

Question
Which plane shows brain structures as they would be seen from the side?
Answer
  • Coronal
  • Sagittal
  • Horizontal
  • Commuter

Question 5

Question
If you were looking up at the bottom surface of a brain, where the cranial nerves are visible, which surface would you be viewing?
Answer
  • Ventral
  • Dorsal
  • Anterior
  • Posterior

Question 6

Question
If one structure is on the left side of the body and another is on the same side, they are said to be ___________ to each other.
Answer
  • Medial
  • Lateral
  • Contralateral
  • Ipsilateral

Question 7

Question
The pituitary gland would be positioned ___________ relative to the hypothalamus?
Answer
  • Anterior
  • Posterior
  • Dorsal
  • Ventral

Question 8

Question
Which of the following is decreased by activity in the sympathetic nervous system?
Answer
  • Muscle contraction
  • Heart rate
  • Digestive activity
  • Breathing rate

Question 9

Question
When the parasympathetic nervous system is active, which of the following is true?
Answer
  • Pupils in the eye dilate
  • Digestion slows
  • Perspiration increases
  • Pupils in the eye constrict

Question 10

Question
Which neurotransmitter is used by the post-ganglionic neuron of the sympathetic nervous system?
Answer
  • Dopamine
  • Serotonin
  • Acetylcholine
  • Norepinephrine

Question 11

Question
Which of the following is correct about the autonomic nervous system?
Answer
  • The sympathetic nervous system uses short postganglionic fibers
  • The parasympathetic nervous system uses long pre-ganglionic fibers
  • The sympathetic nervous system uses long pre-ganglionic fibers
  • The sympathetic nervous system comes from the top and bottom of the spinal cord (cervical and sacral regions)

Question 12

Question
What is a valley or groove on the surface of the brain called?
Answer
  • Gyrus
  • Sulcus
  • Column
  • Lamina

Question 13

Question
Which of the following hindbrain structures is involved in regulating balance and the sequencing of timed motor behaviors?
Answer
  • Pons
  • Medulla
  • Cerebellum
  • Reticular formation

Question 14

Question
The hindbrain includes which of the following?
Answer
  • Telencephalon and diencephalon
  • Metencephalon and myelencephalon
  • Mesencephalon and diencephalon
  • Myelencephalonn and telencephalon

Question 15

Question
The neurons in the medulla have a number of functions, including:
Answer
  • Maintaining heart rate
  • Relaying visual information
  • Motor control
  • Balance and sequencing of movement

Question 16

Question
The reticular activating system serves the primary function of:
Answer
  • Maintaining heart rate
  • Arousing the brain
  • Motor control
  • Balance and sequencing of movement

Question 17

Question
Which of the following cranial nerves receives sensory information from the digestive tract and regulates heart rate?
Answer
  • Abducens (VI)
  • Trigeminal (V)
  • Spinal accessory (XI)
  • Vagus (X)

Question 18

Question
Which cranial nerve is used to receive sensory information for the sense of smell?
Answer
  • I
  • II
  • V
  • VII

Question 19

Question
The enervation of the lower face is from cranial nerve number:
Answer
  • I
  • II
  • V
  • VII

Question 20

Question
The enervation of the upper face by the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) is:
Answer
  • Strictly contralateral
  • Strictly ipsilateral
  • Bilateral
  • Medially controlled

Question 21

Question
Which of the following would not be found in the midbrain?
Answer
  • Superior colliculus
  • Basal ganglia
  • Tectum
  • Substantia nigra

Question 22

Question
The limbic system is important for:
Answer
  • Visual and auditory pathways
  • Motor coordination
  • Emotion and memory
  • Perceiving three-dimensional objects

Question 23

Question
Which of the following limbic system structures would be most involved in the regulation of emotional responses involving dominance and submission?
Answer
  • Hippocampus
  • Amygdala
  • Cingulate gyrus
  • Mammillary bodies

Question 24

Question
Which of the following neural structures use the neurotransmitter serotonin?
Answer
  • Locus coeruleus
  • Raphe nucleus
  • Substantia nigra
  • Periacqueductal gray

Question 25

Question
The Diencephalon includes which two major structures?
Answer
  • Hippocampus and amygdala
  • Superior and inferior colliculi
  • Thalamus and hypothalamus
  • Caudate nucleus and putamen

Question 26

Question
Which brain structure is involved in the process of eating, drinking, temperature regulation, and sexual behavior?
Answer
  • Midbrain
  • Hippocampus
  • Hypothalamus
  • Cerebellum

Question 27

Question
Which of the following structures are involved specifically in the regulation of eating behaviors?
Answer
  • Lateral and ventromedial hypothalamus
  • Pulvinar and putamen
  • Superior and inferior colliculi
  • Hippocampus and parahippocampus

Question 28

Question
Which structure is not part of the basal ganglia?
Answer
  • Caudate nucleus
  • Globus pallidus
  • Putamen
  • Fornix

Question 29

Question
Which of the following structures would be found in the hypothalamus (and used to regulate sleep-wake cycles)?
Answer
  • Lateral geniculate nucleus
  • Medial geniculate nucleus
  • Suprachiasmatic nucleus
  • Arcuate fasiculus

Question 30

Question
The basal ganglia is the most involved in the process of:
Answer
  • Vision
  • Memory and emotion
  • Muscle control
  • Sleeping

Question 31

Question
Which of the following brain structures is involved in most of the sensory pathways, before they reach cortex?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Thalamus
  • Hippocampus
  • Cingulated gyrus

Question 32

Question
What is the primary lobe of the cerebral cortex used for auditory sensations?
Answer
  • Occipital
  • Parietal
  • Temporal
  • Frontal

Question 33

Question
Which of the following Is the largest of the connections between the hemispheres?
Answer
  • Anterior commissure
  • Posterior commissure
  • Massa intermedia
  • Corpus callosum

Question 34

Question
Which of the following is the correct pairing of neurotransmitter and anatomical structure which are lost in Parkinson’s disease?
Answer
  • Locus coeruleus-norepinephrine
  • Raphe nucleus-serotonin
  • Cerebral gray-endogenous opiates
  • Substantia nigra-dopamine

Question 35

Question
What process involves the conversion of physical energy from some external stimulus into an electrochemical pattern in the neurons?
Answer
  • Coding
  • Transduction
  • Reception
  • Reconstitution

Question 36

Question
The center of vision at the back of the eye is the:
Answer
  • Retina
  • Cornea
  • Pupil
  • Macula

Question 37

Question
The majority of the eye’s refractory power to focus light before reaching the retina, the person would have which of the following?
Answer
  • fovea
  • cornea
  • lens
  • pupil

Question 38

Question
If the optics of the eye are too strong and focus light before reaching the retina, the person would have the following?
Answer
  • Myopia
  • Hyperopia
  • Emmetropia
  • Astigmatism

Question 39

Question
Myopia and hyperopia oftentimes are due to:
Answer
  • Buildup of pressure in the eye
  • Loss of elasticity of the lens with age
  • Deterioration of the retina
  • A misshaping of the eyeball

Question 40

Question
Glaucoma is:
Answer
  • Buildup of pressure in the eye
  • Loss of elasticity of the lens with age
  • Deterioration of the retina
  • A misshaping of the eyeball

Question 41

Question
Astigmatism is:
Answer
  • The sclerosis of the lens from aging
  • A symptom of glaucoma
  • Due to a misshapen cornea
  • Due to having a concave lens

Question 42

Question
The lens relies on the _______ for its source of nourishment.
Answer
  • Capillaries
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Vitreous humor
  • Aqueous humor

Question 43

Question
Which of the following cell types is not found in the retina?
Answer
  • Bipolar cell
  • Amacrine cell
  • Geniculate cell
  • Ganglion cell

Question 44

Question
You’re looking right at some particular visual target. You’re looking at it with your:
Answer
  • Optic disk
  • Nasal retina
  • Choroid
  • Fovea

Question 45

Question
If someone says that you have blue eyes, what they really mean is that you have blue:
Answer
  • Retinas
  • Irises
  • Corneas
  • Pupils

Question 46

Question
In the human eye you would find the greatest concentration of rods:
Answer
  • In the center of the fovea
  • Near the far periphery of the retina
  • At the optic disk
  • 10-15 degrees away from the fovea

Question 47

Question
Cones are primarily located:
Answer
  • At the optic disk
  • In the periphery of the retina
  • In the pupils
  • At fovea

Question 48

Question
What is the correct order of cells straight through the retina, after information has been transduced?
Answer
  • Receptor cells, then ganglion cells, then bipolar cells
  • Ganglion cells, then receptor cells, then bipolar cells
  • Bipolar cells, then receptor cells, then ganglion cells
  • Receptor cells, then bipolar cells, then ganglion cells

Question 49

Question
Which kind of cell would be most involved in conveying information laterally across the retina?
Answer
  • Rods and cones
  • Bipolar cells
  • Amacrine cells
  • Ganglion cells

Question 50

Question
In comparison to the rods, what is true about the cones?
Answer
  • They are more common toward the periphery of the retina.
  • They are more sensitive to specific wavelength information
  • They are more sensitive to dim light
  • They are more common in rodents and other nocturnal animals

Question 51

Question
A protanope would be missing the:
Answer
  • S cone type
  • M cone type
  • L cone type
  • Rod photopigment

Question 52

Question
Which of the following is least associated with the opponent-process theory of color vision?
Answer
  • Afterimages
  • LGN “red/green” cells
  • Color contrast
  • Having 3 types of cones

Question 53

Question
Which of the following would be one of the visual systems color channels?
Answer
  • Red-blue channel
  • Red-green channel
  • Blue-green channel
  • Yellow-purple channel

Question 54

Question
If a human had a single cone type that was maximally sensitive to wavelengths in the ultraviolet frequency ranges (say less than 400 nm), with no overlapping spectral sensitivities compared to the other cone types, what “color” would a light in the region of the spectrum appear to be?
Answer
  • Deep violet
  • Intense red
  • Black
  • White

Question 55

Question
In which are of the brain is color most likely to be processed:
Answer
  • Area MT and MST
  • Area V3
  • Area V4
  • Area V5
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