Defence against disease

bekg
Quiz by bekg, updated more than 1 year ago
bekg
Created by bekg over 5 years ago
13
0

Description

Remember to look at key word on mindmap

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What are types of micro organism?
Answer
  • fungi
  • infection
  • vaccine
  • bacteria
  • virus

Question 2

Question
[blank_start]virus[blank_end] will enter an ordinary [blank_start]cell[blank_end] and effect the cell by getting inside. it will then [blank_start]reproduce[blank_end] so much till the cell will completely [blank_start]break[blank_end] open and then be [blank_start]permanently[blank_end] be broken.
Answer
  • permanently
  • partly
  • not
  • micro organims
  • virus
  • fungi
  • bacteria
  • cell
  • tissue
  • membrane
  • die
  • reproduce
  • break
  • repair

Question 3

Question
[blank_start]Pathogens[blank_end] come from bacteria They produce [blank_start]toxins[blank_end] It can cause [blank_start]disease[blank_end] & if it enters the body it will cause [blank_start]symptoms[blank_end] Pathogens have [blank_start]antigens[blank_end] on the sides
Answer
  • Pathogens
  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Virus
  • anti toxins
  • toxins
  • disease
  • sickness
  • death
  • problems
  • death
  • symptoms
  • antigens
  • antibodies
  • antitoxins

Question 4

Question
Do white blood cells help to defend the body against disease?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
White blood cells can produce [blank_start]antitoxins[blank_end]. The antitoxins will [blank_start]neutralise[blank_end] the toxins.
Answer
  • neutralise
  • antitoxins

Question 6

Question
Do antibodies attach to the antigens and stop destroying the bacteria
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
To ingest pathogens the bacterium will invade the body. Then the [blank_start]white[blank_end] blood cell will recognise this and go [blank_start]towards[blank_end] it. Thirdly, the white blood cells will [blank_start]engulf[blank_end] it. After the white blood cell has fully has the pathogen it will release the [blank_start]enzymes[blank_end] which break down and digest the pathogen. Finally it will slowly be broken down and [blank_start]destroyed[blank_end].
Answer
  • white
  • red
  • towards
  • away
  • engulf
  • destroy
  • eat
  • enzymes
  • dead bacteria
  • blood
  • pathogen
  • destroyed
  • fixed

Question 8

Question
We protect the body from future disease by taking vaccinations
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Contains dead [blank_start]pathogens[blank_end] on the surface of the body. however it still has [blank_start]antigens[blank_end] on the surface. so when injected the [blank_start]white[blank_end] blood cells would need to produce antibodies to attack it. Therefore, if in the future a pathogen was to enter the body, it could quickly produce the [blank_start]antibodies[blank_end] for it.
Answer
  • pathogens
  • bacteria
  • fungi
  • antigens
  • antibodies
  • antigens
  • pathogens
  • antitoxins
  • white
  • red
  • antibodies
  • antitoxins
  • antigens

Question 10

Question
What does MMR stand for
Answer
  • Rumella
  • Moles
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Mocks

Question 11

Question
Scientist thought MMR vaccines linked to [blank_start]autism[blank_end]s. This is a condition that affects people [blank_start]communication[blank_end] and [blank_start]social[blank_end] interaction skills.
Answer
  • autism
  • communication
  • social

Question 12

Question
Ignaz semmelweis owned a [blank_start]hospital[blank_end] and he observed that when a midwife helped deliver the baby there was a [blank_start]lower[blank_end] risk of [blank_start]childbed[blank_end] fever than when a [blank_start]medical[blank_end] student did. He decided to make medical students wash their [blank_start]hands[blank_end] after treating the [blank_start]dead[blank_end] patients, after doing this he noticed that the amount of deaths had [blank_start]reduced[blank_end]. Now, we know the medical students had been carrying [blank_start]bacteria[blank_end] from dead babies to the mothers. The results showed that washing hands [blank_start]helped[blank_end].
Answer
  • hospital
  • bank
  • doctors
  • lower
  • higher
  • childbed
  • death
  • sick
  • medical
  • work
  • hands
  • feet
  • taps
  • dead
  • pregnant
  • reduced
  • increase
  • bacteria
  • pathogens
  • dead bacteria
  • cells
  • helped

Question 13

Question
Types of medicines are
Answer
  • antibiotics
  • cocodomine
  • vaccine
  • pain killers

Question 14

Question
[blank_start]Painkillers[blank_end] relieve [blank_start]symptoms[blank_end] for a few days but still leave [blank_start]pathogens[blank_end] in your body for a few days,
Answer
  • Painkillers
  • antibiotics
  • symptoms
  • problems
  • illness
  • disease
  • dead pathogens
  • pathogens
  • bacteria
  • fungi

Question 15

Question
If you take too many antibiotics the [blank_start]pathogens[blank_end] will have to much [blank_start]exposure[blank_end] to them. Meaning it will have no effect on the bacteria in the end. This is because the pathogen has become [blank_start]antibiotic resistant.[blank_end]
Answer
  • pathogens
  • bacteria
  • micro organism
  • open
  • exposure
  • closure
  • antibiotic strong
  • antibiotic resistant
  • antibiotic weak

Question 16

Question
Antibiotic resistance is caused by [blank_start]mutation[blank_end]. This is a [blank_start]random[blank_end], spontaneous change in the [blank_start]DNA[blank_end] (effects the genes)
Answer
  • mutation
  • random
  • DNA

Question 17

Question
The equipment needed to culture micro organisms are:
Answer
  • agar jelly
  • petri-dish
  • bunsen burner
  • inoculating loop
  • matt
  • lighter
  • water

Question 18

Question
To culture microorganisms we 1. sterilise the [blank_start]agar[blank_end] and petri-dish to prevent [blank_start]contamination[blank_end] 2.Put [blank_start]innoculation loop[blank_end] into bunsen burner (this will get rid of [blank_start]bacteria[blank_end] on in) and leave to cool for a while 3. Using [blank_start]loop[blank_end], place some of the [blank_start]bacteria[blank_end] into the [blank_start]agar[blank_end] 4. Quickly close the petri-dish and [blank_start]seal[blank_end] it with [blank_start]tape[blank_end]. This is to avoid anything getting in and infecting it 5. [blank_start]Incubate[blank_end] at 25°c ([blank_start]school[blank_end] lab)
Answer
  • agar
  • contamination
  • innoculation loop
  • bacteria
  • bacteria
  • agar
  • loop
  • tape
  • seal
  • school
  • Incubate

Question 19

Question
Once grown a set of [blank_start]microbes[blank_end], we want to know if the [blank_start]disinfectant[blank_end] would kill the bacteria. We do this by getting [blank_start]filter[blank_end] paper and dipping it into the disinfectant, then putting on to the [blank_start]agar[blank_end]. We repeat this for all the disinfectants. After, we need to close and seal the petri-dish! we would know if the disinfectant works as if there is a [blank_start]clear[blank_end] area around it, the bacteria would've been [blank_start]killed[blank_end].
Answer
  • microbes
  • disinfectant
  • filter
  • agar
  • clear
  • killed
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